About Careers Internship MedBlogs Contact us
Medindia LOGIN REGISTER
Advertisement

Screening for Chlamydial Infection

Last Updated on Jul 28, 2021
Font : A-A+

Screening for Chlamydial Infection

Screening for chlamydial infection is recommended in women over the age of 25 years engaged in high-risk sexual behavior as well as in women below the age of 25 years who are sexually active.

Advertisement

Why is screening for chlamydial infection important?

Screening for chlamydial infection is important for the following reasons:

  • Chlamydial infection does not cause any symptoms in the initial stages. Thus, it can be detected only through screening.
  • Chlamydial infection once diagnosed is very easy to treat with antibiotics.
  • Untreated chlamydial infection can cause a serious complication called pelvic inflammatory disease, which could lead to chronic pelvic pain, infertility and ectopic pregnancy (pregnancy outside the uterus).

Thus, screening is important to detect and treat the infection in its early stages before the onset of any complications. In addition, screening also helps to reduce sexual transmission of the infection.

Who should undergo screening for chlamydial infection?

Current guidelines indicate that screening for chlamydial infection should be carried out in the following nonpregnant as well as pregnant women:

Advertisement
  • Women who engage in high-risk sexual behavior. These behaviors include:
  • Having multiple current partners
  • Having a new partner
  • Using condoms inconsistently
  • Having sex while under the influence of alcohol or drugs
  • Having sex in exchange for money or drugs
  • Sexually active women less than 25 years of age even if they do not indulge in high-risk sexual behaviors. This is necessary since younger women are more at risk for developing the infection due to their lower immunity status, immaturity of the cervical epithelium and likelihood of having more new sex partners.

Routine screening is not necessary in women over the age of 25 years not involved in high-risk sexual behavior.

How often should tests for Chlamydia infection be repeated?

Screening for chlamydial infection in women at high risk for developing the infection should preferably be repeated every year.

Advertisement

Which are the preferred tests for detecting chlamydial infections?

Tests referred to as Nucleic Acid Amplification Tests (NAATs) are used to diagnose chlamydial infection. These tests use various techniques like polymerase chain reaction (PCR), transcription mediated amplification (TMA), and the DNA strand displacement amplification (SDA). These tests are accurate and convenient to carry out. They have thus replaced the traditional culture tests in the screening for chlamydial infection.

Tests for chlamydial infection may be carried out on cervical swabs or urine samples in woman, or on urine samples or urethral swabs from men.

Some of these tests may be less sensitive when conducted on urine as compared to cervical swab.

References:

  1. Meyers D, Wolff T, Gregory K, Marion L, Moyer V, Nelson H, et al. USPSTF Recommendations for STI Screening. American Family Physician 2008; 77(6): 819-824.
  2. Miller KE. Diagnosis and Treatment of Chlamydia trachomatis Infection. Am Fam Physician 2006;73:1411-6.
  3. Screening Tests To Detect Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae Infections - (http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/rr5115a1.htm)
  4. Land J.A., Van Bergen J.E.A.M., Morre´ S.A., and Postma M.J.. Epidemiology of Chlamydia trachomatis infection in women and the costeffectiveness of screening. Human Reproduction Update 2010; 16 (2): 189–204

Citations   close

Please use one of the following formats to cite this article in your essay, paper or report:

  • APA

    Dr. Simi Paknikar. (2021, July 28). Screening for Chlamydial Infection. Medindia. Retrieved on May 19, 2022 from https://www.medindia.net/health-screening-test/chlamydia-test-screening.htm.

  • MLA

    Dr. Simi Paknikar. "Screening for Chlamydial Infection". Medindia. May 19, 2022. <https://www.medindia.net/health-screening-test/chlamydia-test-screening.htm>.

  • Chicago

    Dr. Simi Paknikar. "Screening for Chlamydial Infection". Medindia. https://www.medindia.net/health-screening-test/chlamydia-test-screening.htm. (accessed May 19, 2022).

  • Harvard

    Dr. Simi Paknikar. 2021. Screening for Chlamydial Infection. Medindia, viewed May 19, 2022, https://www.medindia.net/health-screening-test/chlamydia-test-screening.htm.


Post a Comment

Comments should be on the topic and should not be abusive. The editorial team reserves the right to review and moderate the comments posted on the site.

Advertisement
Health Topics A - Z
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z



    Advertisement
    What's New on Medindia
    Black Water: Benefits and Uses
    World Hypertension Day 2022 - Measure Blood Pressure Accurately, Control It, Live Longer!
    Drinking This Popular Beverage May Drop Dementia Risk
    View all
    Advertisement

    Medindia Newsletters Subscribe to our Free Newsletters!
    Terms & Conditions and Privacy Policy.

    Most Popular on Medindia

    Color Blindness Calculator Pregnancy Confirmation Calculator Accident and Trauma Care Blood Donation - Recipients Diaphragmatic Hernia The Essence of Yoga Hearing Loss Calculator Noscaphene (Noscapine) Nutam (400mg) (Piracetam) Find a Hospital

    Disclaimer - All information and content on this site are for information and educational purposes only. The information should not be used for either diagnosis or treatment or both for any health related problem or disease. Always seek the advice of a qualified physician for medical diagnosis and treatment. Full Disclaimer

    © All Rights Reserved 1997 - 2022

    This site uses cookies to deliver our services. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Use