OTTAWA, Feb. 13, 2019 /CNW/ -
Why you should take note
Canadian travellers may have been exposedto difficult to treat, antibiotic-resistant bacteria after having undergone surgical procedures in Tijuana, Mexico. In addition, Canadian travellers who had procedures at Grand View Hospital in Tijuana,
The United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S. CDC) has identified cases of highly antibiotic-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection in U.S. residents who underwent medical procedures, such as weight-loss surgery, at medical facilities in Tijuana, Mexico on or after August 1, 2018. During the course of the U.S. CDC investigation, it was determined that patients from Canada underwent similar procedures at the same facilities, and as a result, may have been exposed to the same antibiotic-resistant bacteria and blood-borne infections.
Given the possibility of exposure to these health risks, the Public Health Agency of Canada recommends that patients who have had surgery at Grand View Hospital or other medical facilities in Tijuana, and who are experiencing signs of an infection— such as fever, redness, pus or swelling at the surgical incision site— see a health care provider immediately. Infections caused by the antibiotic-resistant strain Pseudomonas aeruginosa require medical attention as serious complications can occur without timely treatment. Patients should tell their health care provider about their travel to Mexico and all medical care or surgeries they had while they were outside of Canada.
In addition, Mexican public health officials have identified problems with the quality of sterilization of medical devices, specifically at Grand View Hospital in Tijuana. These deficiencies put patients at risk for possible exposure to blood-borne infections, such as HIV, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C. Given the possibility of exposure to blood-borne infections, the Public Health Agency of Canada recommends that patients discuss testing for HIV, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C with their health care providers. Until the results of these blood tests are known, patients should practise safer sex and avoid sharing items that have a risk of blood-to-blood contact.
What is antibiotic-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa?
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a type of bacteria found widely in the environment and can cause infections in humans. Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteria are difficult to treat because they are becoming increasingly resistant to antibiotics. In hospitals, where the most serious infections occur, Pseudomonas aeruginosa can be spread on the hands of health care workers or by equipment that becomes contaminated and is not properly cleaned. Proper infection control practices in hospitals and medical facilities can limit the spread of this antibiotic-resistant bacteria and will reduce the risk of illness to other patients.
What are blood-borne infections?
Blood-borne infections are caused by viruses that are carried in the blood and can cause disease in people. There are many different types of blood-borne infections, including HIV, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C. Blood-borne infections can be transmitted to others through contact with infected human blood and other potentially infectious body fluids, such as semen, vaginal secretions, and saliva.
What you should do to protect your health
You should see a health care provider immediately if you are a Canadian patient who has had surgery at Grand View Hospital or other medical facilities in Tijuana since August 1, 2018 and you are experiencing signs of infection, such as fever, redness, pus or swelling at the surgical incision site.
Patients who have received medical treatment at Grand View Hospital in Tijuana, Mexico should see their health care provider to discuss testing for hepatitis C virus, hepatitis B virus, and HIV. Until the results of these blood tests are known, patients should practise safer sex and avoid sharing items that have a risk of blood-to-blood contact.
Travellers going to Mexico are advised not to have surgery or invasive medical procedures at Grand View Hospital in Tijuana, Mexico until the Mexican government can confirm that the antibiotic-resistant form of Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteria is no longer there.
This event is a reminder to all Canadians that travelling aboard for medical care reasons can come with increased health risks. The following advice is offered to Canadians to protect their health:
What the Government of Canada is doing
The Government of Canada is committed to protecting the health and safety of Canadians. The Public Health Agency of Canada leads the prevention and control of infectious diseases in Canada and is in regular contact with its federal, provincial and territorial partners to monitor and address antibiotic-resistant illnesses reported in Canada.
SOURCE Public Health Agency of Canada
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