RIDGEFIELD, Conn., Jan. 25, 2018 /PRNewswire/ -- Boehringer Ingelheim today announced results from a retrospective, observational
"With an increasing number of the 2.7 million Americans living with atrial fibrillation being treated with NOACs, real-world analyses like this that compare their effectiveness and safety are important," said Todd C. Villines, M.D., Assistant Professor of Medicine at Georgetown School of Medicine, and lead investigator of the study. "As a researcher and treating physician I hope that this large-scale, U.S. practice-based comparison will provide additional insight on available NOAC therapies, including Pradaxa."
The approved labelling for Pradaxa does not include data comparing the product to other NOAC therapies, and there are no clinical trials providing a head-to-head comparison of NOAC therapies. Pradaxa is indicated to reduce the risk of stroke and systemic embolism in patients with NVAF.
The study analyzed data from NVAF patients newly initiating treatment with Pradaxa, rivaroxaban or apixaban. The study examined two cohorts: one that resulted in 12,763 propensity score matched Pradaxa (150 mg bid) and rivaroxaban (20 mg daily) patients, and another that resulted in 4,802 propensity score matched Pradaxa (150 mg bid) and apixaban (5 mg bid) patients. The primary outcomes for the study were risk of major bleeding and stroke.
Pradaxa patients demonstrated lower rates of major bleeding compared to rivaroxaban patients [2.08 percent (266/12,763) vs 2.53 percent (323/12,763); hazard ratio (HR) 0.82; 95 percent confidence interval (CI) 0.70-0.97; p=0.0182] and similar rates of stroke [0.60 percent (77/12,763) vs 0.78 percent (100/12,763); HR 0.77, CI 0.57-1.04; p=0.0844]. In the exploratory analysis, Pradaxa and apixaban patients showed similar rates of major bleeding [1.60 percent (77/4,802) vs 1.21 percent (58/4,802); HR 1.37, CI 0.97-1.94; p=0.0702] and stroke [0.44 percent (21/4,802) vs 0.35 percent (17/4,802); HR 1.26, CI 0.66-2.39; p=0.4892].
Limitations of the study include the potential for residual confounding as an observational, on-treatment study. The study also used data from electronic health records, which may not have been optimal to identify baseline risk and outcomes. Finally, there were limited Pradaxa users available for matching with apixaban.
"There are countless factors to consider when choosing a medicine to treat a chronic condition. Assessing Pradaxa in the real-world setting, especially against other NOACs, is part of our responsibility to patients and physicians making those complex treatment decisions," said Sabine Luik, M.D., senior vice president, Medicine & Regulatory Affairs, Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Inc. "We believe that research and information are the most powerful tools physicians have to help them provide their patients with ideal care."
About Pradaxa® (dabigatran etexilate mesylate)
Indications and UsagePradaxa® (dabigatran etexilate mesylate) capsules is indicated:
IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION ABOUT PRADAXAWARNING: (A) PREMATURE DISCONTINUATION OF PRADAXA INCREASES THE RISK OF THROMBOTIC EVENTS, (B) SPINAL/EPIDURAL HEMATOMA(A) PREMATURE DISCONTINUATION OF PRADAXA INCREASES THE RISK OF THROMBOTIC EVENTSPremature discontinuation of any oral anticoagulant, including Pradaxa, increases the risk of thrombotic events. If anticoagulation with Pradaxa is discontinued for a reason other than pathological bleeding or completion of a course of therapy, consider coverage with another anticoagulant(B) SPINAL/EPIDURAL HEMATOMAEpidural or spinal hematomas may occur in patients treated with Pradaxa who are receiving neuraxial anesthesia or undergoing spinal puncture. These hematomas may result in long-term or permanent paralysis. Consider these risks when scheduling patients for spinal procedures. Factors that can increase the risk of developing epidural or spinal hematomas in these patients include:
Monitor patients frequently for signs and symptoms of neurological impairment. If neurological compromise is noted, urgent treatment is necessary. Consider the benefits and risks before neuraxial intervention in patients who are or will be anticoagulated.
CONTRAINDICATIONSPradaxa is contraindicated in patients with:- active pathological bleeding;- known serious hypersensitivity reaction (e.g., anaphylactic reaction or anaphylactic shock) to Pradaxa;- mechanical prosthetic heart valve
WARNINGS & PRECAUTIONS
Increased Risk of Thrombotic Events after Premature DiscontinuationPremature discontinuation of any oral anticoagulant, including Pradaxa, in the absence of adequate alternative anticoagulation increases the risk of thrombotic events. If Pradaxa is discontinued for a reason other than pathological bleeding or completion of a course of therapy, consider coverage with another anticoagulant and restart Pradaxa as soon as medically appropriate.
Risk of Bleeding
Hemodialysis can remove dabigatran; however clinical experience for hemodialysis as a treatment for bleeding is limited. Prothrombin complex concentrates or recombinant Factor VIIa may be considered but their use has not been evaluated. Protamine sulfate and vitamin K are not expected to affect dabigatran anticoagulant activity. Consider administration of platelet concentrates where thrombocytopenia is present or long-acting antiplatelet drugs have been used.
Thromboembolic and Bleeding Events in Patients with Prosthetic Heart ValvesThe use of Pradaxa is contraindicated in patients with mechanical prosthetic valves due to a higher risk for thromboembolic events, especially in the post-operative period, and an excess of major bleeding for Pradaxa vs. warfarin. Use of Pradaxa for the prophylaxis of thromboembolic events in patients with AFib in the setting of other forms of valvular heart disease, including bioprosthetic heart valve, has not been studied and is not recommended.
Effect of P-gp Inducers & Inhibitors on Dabigatran ExposureConcomitant use of Pradaxa with P-gp inducers (e.g., rifampin) reduces exposure to dabigatran and should generally be avoided. P-gp inhibition and impaired renal function are major independent factors in increased exposure to dabigatran. Concomitant use of P-gp inhibitors in patients with renal impairment is expected to increase exposure of dabigatran compared to either factor alone.
Reduction of Risk of Stroke/Systemic Embolism in NVAF
ADVERSE REACTIONSThe most serious adverse reactions reported with Pradaxa were related to bleeding.
Other Measures EvaluatedIn NVAF patients, a higher rate of clinical MI was reported in patients who received Pradaxa (0.7/100 patient-years for 150 mg dose) than in those who received warfarin (0.6).
Please see full Prescribing Information, including boxed WARNING and Medication Guide.
About Boehringer IngelheimBoehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Inc., based in Ridgefield, CT, is the largest U.S. subsidiary of Boehringer Ingelheim Corporation.
Boehringer Ingelheim is one of the world's top 20 pharmaceutical companies. Headquartered in Ingelheim, Germany, the company operates globally with approximately 50,000 employees. Since its founding in 1885, the company has remained family-owned and today creates value through innovation for three business areas including human pharmaceuticals, animal health and biopharmaceutical contract manufacturing.
Boehringer Ingelheim is committed to improving lives and providing valuable services and support to patients and their families. Our employees create and engage in programs that strengthen our communities. Please visit our website to learn more about how we make more health for more people through our Corporate Social Responsibility initiatives.
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Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Inc. either owns or uses the trademarks Pradaxa®under license.
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SOURCE Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals
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