RIDGEFIELD, Conn., Nov. 13, 2017 /PRNewswire/ -- Boehringer Ingelheim today announced results from two new analyses of
"The RE-VERSE AD study has demonstrated that idarucizumab can reverse the anticoagulant effect of dabigatran within minutes, allowing physicians to quickly initiate emergency interventions for patients who need urgent surgery or are experiencing uncontrollable bleeding," said Charles Pollack, M.D., lead investigator of RE-VERSE AD, Professor of Emergency Medicine, Sidney Kimmel Medical College at Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, USA. "These new analyses further reinforce the potential for idarucizumab to enhance care for people living with atrial fibrillation."
One of the subanalyses focused on patients with GI bleeding, the most common type of bleeding event among patients who were enrolled in the study due to acute bleeding. Of the 137 patients enrolled with a GI bleed, complete reversal of the anticoagulant effect of Pradaxa was observed in more than 95 percent of patients. The median time to cessation of bleeding post-idarucizumab administration was less than 3 hours when the location of the GI bleed was known and 6.4 hours when the location was unknown.
Mortality and thromboembolic event rates for patients with a GI bleed were consistent with the overall findings of RE-VERSE AD. In the subanalysis, as presented in the abstract, at 90 days, there were low thromboembolic event rates of 5.1 percent in patients with a GI bleed, compared to 6.3 percent in non-GI bleed patients. Mortality in the first 5 days following administration was 6 percent in patients with a GI bleed, compared to 9 percent in non-GI bleed patients. At 90 days, mortality rates were 16 percent and 23 percent, respectively.
Also presented at AHA were updated results assessing periprocedural bleeding in patients requiring an urgent procedure, such as an emergency surgery. Idarucizumab rapidly and completely reversed the anticoagulant effect of dabigatran in approximately 98 percent of patients based on dTT. The median time between administration of idarucizumab and start of surgery was 1.7 hours for patients requiring abdominal procedures, 1.9 hours for orthopedic procedures, 1.4 hours for vascular procedures, 1.3 hours for drainage procedures and 1.2 hours for catheter procedures. Among these patients, periprocedural bleeding was assessed as normal in more than 92 percent of patients, across all surgery types. Among patients needing emergency surgery, none were assessed as experiencing periprocedural bleeding that was severely abnormal. RE-VERSE AD is the only study to investigate anticoagulation reversal among patients requiring surgery.
"Boehringer Ingelheim is proud to provide additional insights for patients and healthcare providers through new analyses of the impact of idarucizumab, which is widely available to patients nationwide through hospital pharmacies," said Sabine Luik, M.D., senior vice president, Medicine & Regulatory Affairs, Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Inc. "In addition to RE-VERSE AD – the largest study investigating a NOAC reversal agent in real-world emergency settings – we continue to study idarucizumab through the RE-VECTO™ program, which evaluates usage patterns in the clinical practice setting."
Idarucizumab is the first and only specific reversal agent for a NOAC currently available. It is approved as a specific reversal agent for Pradaxa by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) under accelerated approval for use in the event of emergency procedures or uncontrollable bleeding. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon the results of an ongoing cohort case series study. Idarucizumab is currently available at more than 3,000 sites in the U.S.
About RE-VERSE AD™ RE-VERSE AD (NCT02104947) is a phase III global study of patients taking dabigatran who require urgent procedures or have uncontrolled bleeding. The final analysis from RE-VERSE AD included data from patients requiring urgent procedures/emergency surgery, e.g. surgery for an open fracture after a fall, or patients with either uncontrolled or life-threatening bleeding complications, e.g. intracranial hemorrhage or severe trauma after a car accident. The primary endpoint, the degree of reversal of the anticoagulant effect of dabigatran (Pradaxa) achieved by idarucizumab within four hours, was measured by dTT and ECT.
The study, which began in May 2014, is the largest study to investigate a reversal agent for a novel oral anticoagulant (NOAC) in real-world emergency settings. It enrolled a total of 503 patients at 173 sites in 39 countries, which were included in one of two groups:
About Praxbind® (idarucizumab)
INDICATIONS AND USAGEPRAXBIND is indicated in patients treated with Pradaxa® when reversal of the anticoagulant effects of dabigatran is needed:
This indication is approved under accelerated approval based on a reduction in unbound dabigatran and normalization of coagulation parameters in healthy volunteers. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon the results of an ongoing cohort case series study.
IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION
WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONSThromboembolic Risk
Re-elevation of Coagulation Parameters
Risk in Patients with Hereditary Fructose Intolerance
USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS
Pregnancy and Nursing Mothers
Please see full Prescribing Information.
About Pradaxa® (dabigatran etexilate mesylate)
Indications and UsagePradaxa® (dabigatran etexilate mesylate) capsules is indicated:
IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION ABOUT PRADAXA
WARNING: (A) PREMATURE DISCONTINUATION OF PRADAXA INCREASES THE RISK OF THROMBOTIC EVENTS, (B) SPINAL/EPIDURAL HEMATOMA(A) PREMATURE DISCONTINUATION OF PRADAXA INCREASES THE RISK OF THROMBOTIC EVENTSPremature discontinuation of any oral anticoagulant, including Pradaxa, increases the risk of thrombotic events. If anticoagulation with Pradaxa is discontinued for a reason other than pathological bleeding or completion of a course of therapy, consider coverage with another anticoagulant(B) SPINAL/EPIDURAL HEMATOMAEpidural or spinal hematomas may occur in patients treated with Pradaxa who are receiving neuraxial anesthesia or undergoing spinal puncture. These hematomas may result in long-term or permanent paralysis. Consider these risks when scheduling patients for spinal procedures. Factors that can increase the risk of developing epidural or spinal hematomas in these patients include:
Monitor patients frequently for signs and symptoms of neurological impairment. If neurological compromise is noted, urgent treatment is necessary. Consider the benefits and risks before neuraxial intervention in patients who are or will be anticoagulated.
CONTRAINDICATIONSPradaxa is contraindicated in patients with:
WARNINGS & PRECAUTIONS
Increased Risk of Thrombotic Events after Premature DiscontinuationPremature discontinuation of any oral anticoagulant, including Pradaxa, in the absence of adequate alternative anticoagulation increases the risk of thrombotic events. If Pradaxa is discontinued for a reason other than pathological bleeding or completion of a course of therapy, consider coverage with another anticoagulant and restart Pradaxa as soon as medically appropriate.
Risk of Bleeding
Hemodialysis can remove dabigatran; however clinical experience for hemodialysis as a treatment for bleeding is limited. Prothrombin complex concentrates or recombinant Factor VIIa may be considered but their use has not been evaluated. Protamine sulfate and vitamin K are not expected to affect dabigatran anticoagulant activity. Consider administration of platelet concentrates where thrombocytopenia is present or long-acting antiplatelet drugs have been used.
Thromboembolic and Bleeding Events in Patients with Prosthetic Heart ValvesThe use of Pradaxa is contraindicated in patients with mechanical prosthetic valves due to a higher risk for thromboembolic events, especially in the post-operative period, and an excess of major bleeding for Pradaxa vs. warfarin. Use of Pradaxa for the prophylaxis of thromboembolic events in patients with AFib in the setting of other forms of valvular heart disease, including bioprosthetic heart valve, has not been studied and is not recommended.
Effect of P-gp Inducers & Inhibitors on Dabigatran ExposureConcomitant use of Pradaxa with P-gp inducers (e.g., rifampin) reduces exposure to dabigatran and should generally be avoided. P-gp inhibition and impaired renal function are major independent factors in increased exposure to dabigatran. Concomitant use of P-gp inhibitors in patients with renal impairment is expected to increase exposure of dabigatran compared to either factor alone.Reduction of Risk of Stroke/Systemic Embolism in NVAF
ADVERSE REACTIONSThe most serious adverse reactions reported with Pradaxa were related to bleeding.
Other Measures EvaluatedIn NVAF patients, a higher rate of clinical MI was reported in patients who received Pradaxa (0.7/100 patient-years for 150 mg dose) than in those who received warfarin (0.6).
Please see full Prescribing Information, including boxed WARNING and Medication Guide.
About Boehringer IngelheimBoehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Inc., based in Ridgefield, CT, is the largest U.S. subsidiary of Boehringer Ingelheim Corporation.
Boehringer Ingelheim is one of the world's top 20 pharmaceutical companies. Headquartered in Ingelheim, Germany, the company operates globally with approximately 50,000 employees. Since its founding in 1885, the company has remained family-owned and today creates value through innovation for three business areas including human pharmaceuticals, animal health and biopharmaceutical contract manufacturing.
Boehringer Ingelheim is committed to improving lives and providing valuable services and support to patients and their families. Our employees create and engage in programs that strengthen our communities. Please visit our website to learn more about how we make more health for more people through our Corporate Social Responsibility initiatives.
In 2016, Boehringer Ingelheim achieved net sales of about $17.6 billion (15.9 billion euros). R&D expenditure corresponds to 19.6 percent of its net sales.
For more information please visit www.boehringer-ingelheim.us, or follow us on Twitter @BoehringerUS.
Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Inc. either owns or uses the trademarks Pradaxa®, Praxbind®, RE-VERSE AD™ and RE-VECTO™ under license.
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SOURCE Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals
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