Teenage girls bear brunt of a far-from-over HIV/AIDS epidemic
AMSTERDAM and NEW YORK, July25, 2018 /CNW/ - Around 30 teenagers aged 15 to 19 were newly infected with HIV per hour in 2017, according to a new UNICEF report. Of these, two-thirds were girls.
"This is a crisis of health as well as a crisis of agency," said UNICEF
Women: At the heart of the HIV response for children offers sobering statistics on the continuing global AIDS epidemic and its impact on the most vulnerable. Last year, 130,000 children and adolescents 19 and under died from AIDS, while 430,000 – almost 50 an hour – were newly infected.
Presented at the International AIDS Conference taking place this week in Amsterdam, the report says that adolescents continue to bear the brunt of the epidemic and that failure to reach them is slowing down the progress the world has made in the last two decades in tackling the AIDS epidemic. The report notes that:
"We need to make girls and women secure enough economically that they don't have to turn to sex work. We need to make sure they have the right information about how HIV is transmitted and how to protect themselves," said Angelique Kidjo, UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador, in an essay featured in the report. "And, of course, we need to make sure they have access to any services or medicines they need to keep healthy. Above all, we need to foster girls' and women's empowerment – and education is again often the best route to that."
To help curb the spread of the epidemic, UNICEF – working closely with UNAIDS and other partners – launched a number of initiatives including:
These initiatives, and others before them, have led to significant success in preventing mother-to-child transmission of HIV, according to the report. The number of new infections among children aged 0-4 dropped by one third between 2010 and 2017. Now 4 out of 5 pregnant women living with HIV are accessing treatment to keep them healthy and reduce the risk of transmission to their babies.
For example, in the Southern Africa region, long the epicentre of the AIDS crisis, Botswana and South Africa now have rates of mother to child transmission of only 5 per cent, and over 90 per cent of women with HIV are on effective HIV treatment regimens. Close to 100 per cent of pregnant women in Zimbabwe, Malawi and Zambia know their HIV status.
"Women are the most affected by this epidemic – both in the number of infections and as chief caregivers for those with the disease – and should continue to be at the forefront of the fight against it," Fore said. "The fight is far from over."
Note to Editors:
The report features 17 essays highlighting women's contributions to the fight against AIDS. Essayists include Graça Machel, former first lady of both Mozambique and South Africa; UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador and singer Angelique Kidjo; Princess Mabel van Oranje; political, corporate and UN leaders; and young HIV/AIDS activists living with the virus.
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About UNICEF UNICEF has saved more children's lives than any other humanitarian organization. We work tirelessly to help children and their families, doing whatever it takes to ensure children survive. We provide children with healthcare and immunization, clean water, nutrition and food security, education, emergency relief and more.
UNICEF is supported entirely by voluntary donations and helps children regardless of race, religion or politics. As part of the UN, we are active in over 190 countries - more than any other organization. Our determination and our reach are unparalleled. Because nowhere is too far to go to help a child survive. For more information about UNICEF, please visit www.unicef.ca. For updates, follow us on Twitter and Facebook or visit unicef.ca.
SOURCE UNICEF Canada
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