Down syndrome (DS) is a genetic condition caused by an error in the cell division called “non disfunction” that results in the presence of an extra chromosome in 21. It has 47 chromosomes instead of 46 chromosome.
DS is usually identified at birth by the presence of physical characteristics like low muscle skin tone, almond shaped eye that slant up and broad hands with short fingers.
Down syndrome causes some level of learning disabilities in children. This genetic condition causes lifelong disabilities and developmental delay in some children.
80% of children with Down syndrome are born to women under 35 years of age. Down syndrome occurs in people of all races. Down syndrome is confirmed by the chromosomal analysis called karyotyping.
There is no special treatment for down syndrome, treatment is based on the each individual’s physical and intellectual needs.
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