online Medical Courses

Risk factors for cardiovascular disease

Email Comment bookmark
Font : A-A+

Dr. J. Damodharan, MD*


Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is common in the general population, affecting the majority of adults past the age of 50 years. The prevalence of coronary heart disease (CHD) is

approximately one-third to one-half that of total CVD.

No other life-threatening disease is as prevalent or expensive to society. Persons with CVD are likely to die from their


As a diagnostic category, CVD includes three major areas:

  • Coronary heart disease (CHD) manifested by myocardial infarction, angina pectoris, congestive heart failure, and coronary death.
  • Cerebrovascular disease manifested by stroke and transient ischemic attack
  • Peripheral vascular disease manifested by intermittent claudication.

Also of interest, and of increasing importance, are chronic arrhythmias, electrocardiographic abnormalities, and left ventricular hypertrophy, established by electrocardiography or echocardiography.


Post a Comment

Comments should be on the topic and should not be abusive. The editorial team reserves the right to review and moderate the comments posted on the site.
Notify me when reply is posted
I agree to the terms and conditions

CME Lessons

Medindia Newsletters

Subscribe to our Free Newsletters!

Terms & Conditions and Privacy Policy.