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Disodium hydrogen citrate is a urinary alkalanizer.

It is used for the following conditions:
• Renal tubular acidosis (a condition where the blood is acidic due to a kidney problem)
• To prevent uric acid and cysteine stones in people predisposed to form the stones in the urinary tract
• To treat uterine tract infection, though evidence for the same has not been established 

Drug information on Alkarate (1.37g/5mL) (Disodium Hydrogen Citrate) from Macleods Pharmaceuticals Ltd. (Pharma)

Alkarate (1.37g/5mL)

Macleods Pharmaceuticals Ltd. (Pharma)
Generic : Disodium Hydrogen Citrate
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Medical Condition(s) for which Alkarate (1.37g/5mL) may be prescribed

Overview of Alkarate (1.37g/5mL)

• Disodium hydrogen citrate is a urinary alkalinizer used for the treatment of renal tubular acidosis, to prevent uric acid and cysteine stones, and in the treatment of urinary tract infections.

Side effects of Alkarate (1.37g/5mL)

  Digestive tract: Diarrhea, stomach pain, nausea, vomiting, bleeding from the stomach or intestines

  Blood: Low blood potassium levels, metabolic alkalosis (increased alkalinity of the blood)

  Others: Increased urination, tiredness

Dosage & When it is to be taken (Indications)

• The usual dosage of the syrup in adults is 15 to 30 ml two to three times a day.

How to use Alkarate (1.37g/5mL)?

• Take after a meal on a full stomach.

When is Alkarate (1.37g/5mL) not to be taken? (Contraindications)

Disodium hydrogen citrate should not be used in the following conditions:

• Allergy to the drug
High blood pressure (since it contains sodium)
• Fluid accumulation in the body (called edema)
• Metabolic derangements like high osmolality or increased alkalinity of the blood, low blood calcium levels
Kidney dysfunction

Warnings and Precautions for Alkarate (1.37g/5mL)

• Drink plenty of water while on the medication.
• Inform your doctor if you are pregnant or breastfeeding before taking the medication.

Other Precautions for Alkarate (1.37g/5mL)

• The liquid forms of the drug contains sugar, it is advised to use with caution in diabetes patients

Drug Interactions of Alkarate (1.37g/5mL)

• Since disodium hydrogen citrate makes the urine alkaline, it may increase the elimination of acidic drugs like salicylates and barbiturates through the urine, thus reducing their effects
• It may increase the blood sodium levels especially when taken with drugs like corticosteroids.
• Use with caution with diuretics like furosemide since it can cause metabolic disturbances.

Storage Conditions for Alkarate (1.37g/5mL)

• It should be used stored at room temperature, keep it out of the reach of children

Disclaimer : The Price of the drugs indicated above may not match the actual price at which they are sold. Prices can change depending on many factors, including GST. These are only approximate indicative prices of the drug.
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