This medication is an anticonvulsant, prescribed for seizure disorders. It works by reducing abnormal electrical activity in the brain.
Adult - The recommended dose is 0.9-2.4 grams daily in 3 or 4 equally divided doses (i.e., 300-600 mg 3 or 4 times daily).
Children- Usually 0.3-0.9 gram daily in 3 or 4 equally divided doses.
It comes as a tablet, capsule, and liquid to take by mouth on an empty stomach.
• Caution should be exercised in patients with history of kidney, liver disease, blood disorders, eye problems, allergies, who are taking other medications, during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
• It may cause dizziness or drowsiness, do not drive a car or operate machinery while taking this medication.
• Avoid exposure to sunlight.
Nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, gastric distress.
• Central Nervous System: Drowsiness, fatigue, uneasiness, sleeplessness, vertigo, headache, tingling, precipitation of grand mal seizures, increased irritability, personality changes.
• Blood: Bleeding gums, epistaxis, retinal and petechial bleeding, vaginal bleeding, anemia, decrease in white blood cells, platelets; eosinophilia, and bone marrow depression.
• Skin: Skin rash, skin inflammation, and redness.
• Miscellaneous: Hiccups, loss of appetite, weight loss, hair loss, changes in blood pressure, albumin in urine, sensitivity to light, and double vision.
Avoid excess dosage.
Store it at room temperature, away from excess heat and moisture.
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