This medication is a potassium-sparing diuretic, prescribed for fluid retention due to various health conditions such as liver, kidney and heart diseases. It helps the kidneys to eliminate unwanted water and sodium from the body into the urine.
Contraindicated in patients with severe liver or kidney impairment, difficulty in urinating, elevated serum potassium levels and hypersensitivity.
PO- The usual starting dose is 100 mg twice daily after food.
It comes as a tablet to take by mouth with food.
• Caution should be exercised in patients with history of diabetes, gout, kidney stones, heart, kidney or liver disease, dehydration, any allergy, who are taking other medications, during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
• It may cause dizziness, do not drive a car or operate machinery while taking this medication.
• Avoid exposure to sunlight.
• Monitor blood electrolytes, blood cell counts, kidney and liver function tests, blood uric acid levels and blood pressure regularly while taking this medication.
• Hypersensitivity :
Anaphylaxis, rash and photosensitivity.
• Metabolic : Decrease/increase in potassium level in blood.
• Genitourinary : Elevated Blood Urea Nitrogen, kidney stones and kidney failure.
• Gastrointestinal : Jaundice, liver enzyme abnormalities, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.
• Blood : Decreased platelet counts and anemia.
• Central Nervous System : Weakness, fatigue, dizziness, headache and dry mouth.
Avoid excess dosage.
Store it at room temperature, and in an airtight container.
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