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General Information on Sumatriptan

Generic Name : Sumatriptan

Pronunciation : SOO-ma-TRIP-tan

Latest prescription information about Sumatriptan. Learn how to pronounce the drug's name, its indications, dosage, how to take, when to take, when not to take, side effects, special precautions, its storage instructions and warnings if any when taken during pregnancy. Also listed are the International and Indian trade name(s) of the drug and its price list.
ICD Code : Y45.8 | Therapeutic Classification : Analgesics

Trade Names/Brand Names of Sumatriptan

Why is Sumatriptan Prescribed? (Indications)

This medication is a selective serotonin receptor agonist, prescribed for the acute treatment of migraine attacks with or without aura in adults (severe, throbbing headaches that sometimes are accompanied by nausea and sensitivity to sound and light). It narrows blood vessels in the brain and by stopping pain signals from being sent to the brain. 

When should Sumatriptan not to be taken? (Contraindications)

Contraindicated in patient with prior heart attack and other heart diseases, uncontrolled high blood pressure, peripheral vascular disease, basilar, hemiplegic or ophthalmologic migraine, severe liver or kidney disease, stroke, allergy to the drug or along with MAO inhibitors or ergot alkaloids.

What is the dosage of Sumatriptan?

Adult: PO- Migraine >18 years: 50-100 mg, repeat once after 2 hours if migraine continues.
SC- Migraine; Cluster headache >18 years: 6 mg as a single dose, repeat at least 1 hour after the 1st dose if needed. Max: 12 mg/day.
Nasal Migraine- 12-17 years: 10 mg into 1 nostril, max: 20 mg/day; >18 years: 20 mg into 1 nostril, max: 40 mg/day. May repeat dose at least 2 hours after the 1st dose if needed.

How should Sumatriptan be taken?

It comes as a tablet, intranasal solution or injection to be administered just under the skin. It may be taken with or without food.

What are the warnings and precautions for Sumatriptan?

• Caution needed for patients with conditions predisposing to seizures, presence of coronary risk factors, abnormal heart rhythm, kidney or liver impairment, elderly, during pregnancy and breastfeeding.

• Avoid excess dosage.

• Patient may develop with increased risk of Serotonin Syndrome with the following symptoms: increased heart rate, shivering, sweating, dilated pupils,etc . If it is so consult with your healthcare provider.

What are the side effects of Sumatriptan?

  Infrequent but serious: •  Potentially Fatal: Cardiac arrhythmias, MI (sudden heart attack causing death).
  Heart: Flushing, chest discomfort, tightness in chest, low blood pressure, and increased blood pressure.
  Central Nervous System: Tingling, dizziness, fatigue, drowsiness, seizures, weakness.
  Gastrointestinal: Abdominal discomfort and difficulty in swallowing, gastroesophageal reflux and diarrhea.
  Musculoskeletal : Muscle cramps, various joint disturbances (pain, stiffness, swelling, ache).
  Respiratory : Difficulty in breathing, asthma.
  Skin : Redness, itching, and skin rashes and eruptions.
  Blood: Anemia.
  Genitourinary: Painful menstruation, increased urination, and intermenstrual bleeding.
  Miscellaneous: Hypersensitivity, fever, fluid retention, and overdose.

What are the other precautions for Sumatriptan?

Avoid using contaminated solution of this medication.
If there is no improvement in your health condition, consult with your doctor for next dose.

What are the storage conditions for Sumatriptan?

Nasal: Store below 30°C. Do not freeze. Oral: Store below 30°C. Subcutaneous: Store below 30°C.


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aurablossom, India

Hi, I would like to know if prisciption is required to purchase this medicine. We are in urgent need of this medicine in India.

jakesnoggons, Canada

I require this drug on a regular bassis for my wife's migraines. I live in Canada and can also order from the USA. I would order from India if I knew how. Where can I purchase generic Imitrex or Maxalt or sumatriptan or rizatriptan. I am a pensioner and not able to order thousands, just enough for my own use. Nevertheless, My need is urgent and no less of interest to me than a huge order would be to you. Please help me out, I am at my wits end. Regards, Jack Huggins, Canada, phone 506 538 9994, e-mail

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