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Ketamine - Indications, Dosage, Side Effects and Precautions

Last Updated on August 11, 2022
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Information about Ketamine

Generic Name : Ketamine
Up-to-date prescription details regarding Ketamine are provided here.
Pronunciation : KEET-uh-MEEN
Learn the correct pronunciation of the Ketamine, understand it's uses, recommended dosages, its indications, how to take, when to take, when not to take, side effects, special precautions, warnings and its and its storage instructions.
You will also find a list of the medication's International and Indian brand or trade names, as well as its pricing information. For verification of the information presented on this page or for additional clarifications, it's advisable to consult your doctor.
ICD Code : Y48.2 | Therapeutic Classification : General Anesthetics

Trade Names/Brand Names of Ketamine

India : 


International : 


Why is Ketamine Prescribed? (Indications)

This medication is a hydrochloride salt, used as an anesthetic. It works in the brain to inhibit painful sensations.

When should Ketamine not be taken? (Contraindications)

Contraindicated in patients with high blood pressure and hypersensitivity.

What is the dosage of Ketamine?

Adult: IV- 1-4.5 mg/kg as inj or infuse 1-2 mg/kg at 0.5 mg/kg/min. IM- 6.5-13 mg/kg.

How should Ketamine be taken?

It comes as a solution for injection to be administered by a healthcare provider.

What are the warnings and precautions for Ketamine?

• Caution should be exercised in patients with history of trauma or injury, stroke, increased spinal fluid pressure, increased eye pressure, eye injury, heart diseases, uncontrolled high blood pressure, mental disorders or thyroid problems, any allergy, who is taking other medications, during pregnancy and breastfeeding.

It may cause drowsiness, do not drive a car or operate machinery while taking this medication.

What are the side effects of Ketamine?

  Central Nervous System: Vivid dreams, hallucinations, confusion, irrational behavior and increased muscle tone.
  Heart: High blood pressure, fast/low heart rate and abnormal heart rhythm.
  Gastrointestinal: Nausea, vomiting and increased saliva.
  Respiratory: Respiratory depression.
  Eye: Night blindness and increased eye pressure/tears.
  Skin: Rash and pain at injection site.
  Genitourinary: Urinary bladder inflammation.

What are the other precautions for Ketamine?

Avoid excess dosage.

What are the storage conditions for Ketamine?

Injection: Store it at controlled room temperature (15-30C).

Schedule : H
Prescription drugs - Drugs to be sold only under the prescription of a Registered Medical Practitioner.
Last Updated : August 11, 2022
Learn more about Ketamine's interaction with Food, Herbs and Alcohol

Ketamine: Anesthesia Drug Used in Surgery for Temporary Loss of Consciousness

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