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Epinephrine - Indications, Dosage, Side Effects and Precautions

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Information about Epinephrine

Generic Name : Epinephrine
Pronunciation : ep-i-NEF-rin
Latest prescription information about Epinephrine. Learn how to pronounce the drug's name, its indications, dosage, how to take, when to take, when not to take, side effects, special precautions, warnings and its storage instructions . Also listed are the International and Indian trade name(s) of the drug and its price list.
Therapeutic Classification : Vasopressors

Trade Names/Brand Names of Epinephrine

India : 


International : 

Ana-Guard, Sus-Phrine Injection, Bronitin, Micronefrin (obsolete), Asthmahaler, Nephron (obsolete), Primatene Mist Inhaler, Primatene Mist Suspension, S2 Inhalant (obsolete), Bronchial Mist with Pump, Read more..

Why is Epinephrine Prescribed? (Indications)

This medication is a hormone, recommended for cardiac arrest (to restart the heart beat), dilation of blood vessels, increase of diastolic blood pressure, increasing the flow of blood to heart and anaphylactic shock (allergic reactions). It is effective in controlling superficial bleeding and reduction of uterine contractions during childbirth.  

When should Epinephrine not be taken? (Contraindications)

Contraindicated in patients with hypersensitivity, tachyarrhythmias (faster heart rhythms).

What is the dosage of Epinephrine?

Adult: IV- Advanced cardiac life support as 1:10,000 solutions: 1 mg, repeat every 2-3 minutes if needed. Anaphylactic shock as 1:10,000 solutions: 5 ml infused slowly until a response is achieved. IM Anaphylactic shock as 1:1,000 solutions: 0.5 ml, repeat every 5 minutes as needed.

How should Epinephrine be taken?

It comes as a solution for injection, to be administered by a healthcare provider into the vein or muscle.

What are the warnings and precautions for Epinephrine?

• Caution needed for patients with history of heart diseases, thyroid disease, diabetes, Parkinson's disease, elderly, pregnancy and breastfeeding.

If asthma worsens during the treatment, discontinue the treatment.

What are the side effects of Epinephrine?

  Most Common: Tremor, weakness, dizziness, sweating, palpitations, lung swelling, fast heart rate, transient, moderate anxiety, apprehensiveness,restlessness, pallor, nausea, vomiting, headache, and/or respiratory difficulties.

What are the other precautions for Epinephrine?

Avoid intravenous injection, and in buttock.

What are the storage conditions for Epinephrine?

Inhalation: Store it at room temperature (25C). Protect from light.

Schedule : H
Prescription drugs - Drugs to be sold only under the prescription of a Registered Medical Practitioner.
Last Updated : Mar 2018

Adrenaline/Epinephrine: Uses, Dosage, Side effects, Precautions, Interactions

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