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General Information on Dimercaprol

Generic Name : Dimercaprol

Pronunciation : DYE mer KAP rol

Latest prescription information about Dimercaprol. Learn how to pronounce the drug's name, its indications, dosage, how to take, when to take, when not to take, side effects, special precautions, its storage instructions and warnings if any when taken during pregnancy. Also listed are the International and Indian trade name(s) of the drug and its price list.
Therapeutic Classification : Heavy Metal Antagonists

Trade Names/Brand Names of Dimercaprol

India : 

International : 

BAL inj

Why is Dimercaprol Prescribed? (Indications)

This medication is a chelating agent, indicated in the treatment of metal poisoning with metals such as arsenic, gold and mercury. It is an adjunct to Calcium Disodium Edetate in lead poisoning, and also an adjunct to penicillamine to copper poisoning and Wilson Disease.  

When should Dimercaprol not to be taken? (Contraindications)

Extensive liver failure; lactation, hypersensitivity, iron and cadmium poisoning.

What is the dosage of Dimercaprol?

Adult: IM- Heavy metal poisoning- Initial: 400-800 mg on the 1st day followed by 200-400 mg on the 2nd and 3rd days. Reduce to 100-200 mg subsequently. To be given in divided doses at 4-hourly intervals. Adjunct in lead poisoning Initial: 4 mg/kg followed by 3-4 mg/kg 4 hourly. Maintenance: 2-7 days.

How should Dimercaprol be taken?

It comes as a solution for injection to be administered by a healthcare provider into a large muscle.

What are the warnings and precautions for Dimercaprol?

Caution should be exercised in patients with history of kidney damage, high blood pressure, G6PD (glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase) deficiency, elderly, pregnancy and lactation.

What are the side effects of Dimercaprol?

Antihistamines given 30min before this medication reduce the intensity of adverse effects.
  Frequent: Hypertension, tachycardia, nausea, vomiting, burning sensation of lips, inflammation of mucous membranes, sweating, cramps, and headache.
  Central Nervous System: CNS stimulation, headache, tingling, malaise.
  Gastrointestinal: Abdominal pain.
  Local: Pain and abscess.
  Eye And ENT: Increased tears, throat pain, eye pain, runny nose.
  Miscellaneous: Fever, sweating of the forehead, hands and other areas.

What are the other precautions for Dimercaprol?

Avoid overdose, otherwise it may lead to extreme drowsiness.

What are the storage conditions for Dimercaprol?

Store at 20 to 25C. Store it at controlled room temperature.

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