This medication is an antipsychotic, tranquilizer and antiemetic drug, prescribed for mental or mood disorders (schizophrenia). It is also used to prevent and treat nausea and vomiting, fearness before surgery, used as an adjunct in the treatment of tetanus.
Contraindicated in patients with coma and hypersensitivity.
Dose is based on patients condition. The recommended dose range is 100 to 800mg/day.
It comes as a tablet, capsule and liquid to take by mouth, with or without food. It also comes as a solution for injection to be administered by a healthcare provider into the large muscle.
Caution should be exercised in patients with history of seizures, blood disease, low blood pressure, increased eye pressure, enlarged prostate, Parkinson disease, Reye syndrome, an abnormal electroencephalogram, alcohol addiction, difficulty in urinating, any allergy, who are taking other medications, elderly, children, during pregnancy and breast feeding.
It may cause dizziness, drowsiness or lightheadedness, do not drive a car or operate dangerous machinery and get up slowly from bed while taking this medication.
Avoid abrupt withdrawal; withdraw gradually.
Patient may develop with increased risk of neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS), tardive dyskinesia (on long-term therapy) with the following symptoms: fever, stiff muscles, confusion, abnormal thinking, fast or irregular heartbeat, involuntary movements and sweating. If it so consult with your doctor.
Avoid taking this medication before 2 days or after 1 day of myelogram test.
Avoid alcohol consumption.
Most Common :
Jaundice, involuntary muscle movements, reduced white blood cell counts, low blood pressure and drowsiness.
Central Nervous System : Agitation, insomnia, depression and convulsions.
Gastrointestinal : Dry mouth and constipation.
Genitourinary : Absence of menstrual cycle, breast enlargement in males and urinary retention.
Miscellaneous : Allergic skin reactions, increased sugar, weight gain and dilatation of pupil.
Avoid exposure to sunlight; otherwise it may cause sunburn.
Avoid excess dosage.
Store it at controlled room temperature (15-30°C).
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