This medication is an intratracheal suspension, prescribed for the prevention of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in premature infants. Since it is similar to the natural fluid in the lungs, it helps in normal lung functions.
The recommended dose is 3 mL/kg birth weight. It has been administered every 12 hours for a total of up to 3 doses.
It comes as a suspension for intratracheal (introduced into the trachea) administration.
• It should be administered under the supervision of well-trained person.
• In some patients it may develop increased risk of intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) and periventricular leukomalacia (PVL).
• Most Common:
Blue baby, respiratory obstruction, slow heart rate, reflux of surfactant into the endotracheal tube and requirement for manual ventilation.
• Respiratory: Shortness of breath, sepsis, air leaks in lungs, bleeding in the lungs, tissue death and further worsening of condition.
Avoid excess dosage.
Store it in refrigerator (2° to 8°C), do not freeze it.
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