Alfacalcidol - Indications, Dosage, Side Effects and Precautions


Information about Alfacalcidol

Generic Name : Alfacalcidol
Up-to-date prescription details regarding Alfacalcidol are provided here.

Pronunciation : al-fă-kal′si-dol

Learn the correct pronunciation of the Alfacalcidol, understand it's uses, recommended dosages, its indications, how to take, when to take, when not to take, side effects, special precautions, warnings and its and its storage instructions.
You will also find a list of the medication's International and Indian brand or trade names, as well as its pricing information. For verification of the information presented on this page or for additional clarifications, it's advisable to consult your doctor.

Therapeutic Classification : Vitamins

Trade Names/Brand Names of Alfacalcidol

India :

International :

Alfa-D, One-Alpha

Why is Alfacalcidol Prescribed? (Indications)

Alfacalcidol related to vitamin D used as a supplementation for treating vitamin D deficiencies such as osteomalacia and rickets. It helps to treat low calcium level in the blood and bone disorders caused by parathyroid disease and kidney failure.

 Since alfacalcidol does not require any activation process by the kidneys like other vitamin D supplements, it is more useful for people who have kidney problems.

When should Alfacalcidol not be taken? (Contraindications)

Contraindicated in patients with high blood calcium, phosphate, and magnesium and known hypersensitivity.

What is the dosage of Alfacalcidol?

Adult- PO- The recommended starting dose is 1mcg/day. Maintenance: 0.25-1 mcg/day.
Adult- IV- The recommended initial dose is 1 mcg per dialysis two to three times a week.

How should Alfacalcidol be taken?

It comes as a capsule to take by mouth, with food.
It also comes as a solution for injection to be administered by a healthcare provider into the vein.

What are the warnings and precautions for Alfacalcidol?

• Caution should be exercised in patients with history of kidney stones, heart or kidney disease, high level of calcium in blood, any allergy, who are taking other medications, during pregnancy and breastfeeding.

• Monitor blood electrolytes level regularly while taking this medication.

• Monitor serum levels of calcium in patients with kidney failure.

What are the side effects of Alfacalcidol?

Gastrointestinal - Loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and increased thirst.
Central Nervous System - Headache, fainting and lack of energy.
Skin - Increased sweating, itching, rash and hives.
Genitourinary: - Increased urination, kidney impairment, and excessive urinary calcium excretion.

What are the other precautions for Alfacalcidol?

Avoid excess dosage.

What are the storage conditions for Alfacalcidol?

Capsules: Store it at room temperature (25°C), and in an airtight container.
Injection: Store it in a cool place (below 15°C).