Acebrophylline is used for its mucoregulative action and anti-inflammatory properties in the respiratory tract.
Acebrophylline is prescribed to reduce the irritation, swelling, and narrowing of the bronchial tubes in patients with asthma, severe or chronic bronchitis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)and tightness of the chest.
It helps in reducing the viscosity of the mucus in the airway and facilitates breathing.
The recommended dosage for adults in treating COPD and bronchial asthma is 100 mg twice daily.
Child dosage of acebrophylline syrup (50mg/5ml):
Below 2 years of age : 2.5 ml twice daily
2 - 5 years of age : 2.5ml three times daily
Above 5 years : 5 ml twice daily or as directed by the physician
Acebrophylline is available in the form of a capsule, tablet and syrup.
This drug should be taken orally with food to avoid gastric discomfort.
Special precautions should be observed in patients suffering from seizures, cardiac insufficiency and gastro-intestinal disorders.
Acebrophylline-induced angioedema, a serious allergic reaction, could occur
Caution is advised in patients with hyperthyroidism, that is, high thyroid hormone levels since it can cause cardiac side effects
Gastro-intestinal: Abdominal discomfort, esophageal bleeding, vomiting, diarrhea, constipation, loss of appetite
Central Nervous System: Headache, drowsiness
Respiratory: Difficulty or shortness in breathing
Skin: Rashes, itching
Others: Fever with chills, elevated white blood cell count, changes in blood pressure, numbness in the arm
Avoid excess dosage.
Acebrophylline could be involved in the following drug interactions:
Plasma concentration of acebrophylline may be increased with the concomitant administration of drugs like quinolones, cimetidine, erythromycin, oxytetracycline, lincomycin, and cephalexin
Interaction with reserpine results in an increase in heart rate. Reserpine though, is rarely used nowadays
Barbiturates such as phenytoin may reduce the plasma concentration and therefore the effectiveness of acebrophylline
Concomitant use with frusemide increases diuresis, as a result of which the patient will have to pass urine more often
Acebrophylline can worsen low blood potassium levels caused by drugs like steroids
Store in a cool, dry place. Protect from heat and moisture.
Keep away from the reach of children.
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