Diet and Colorectal Cancer: An OverviewColorectal cancer also known as colon cancer, bowel cancer or rectal cancer is any cancer that affects the colon and the rectum. They are a part of the large intestine which forms the final stretch of the digestive tract, and helps in removal of waste products and absorption of water and certain nutrients.
Colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer worldwide. Studies have reported that diet plays a crucial role in the etiology of colorectal cancer, particularly when a poor diet is combined with excess calorie intake and weight gain, physical inactivity, and unhealthy lifestyle habits like smoking and heavy alcohol consumption which increase risk of cancer.
Therefore, dietary and lifestyle modifications are winning strategies to reduce the incidence of colorectal cancer.