sex hormone test Indications :
The sex hormone test is useful in diagnosing a range of conditions including fertility-related issues, puberty
related issues and in diagnosing sex-hormone producing tumors.
Some of the factors that affect the test include - the timing of test, recent nuclear scan and certain hormone based medications.
For the test, blood is drawn from a vein on the forearm through venipuncture and sent to the laboratory.
Physiology : Sex hormone
test is carried out to test the blood level of the major sex hormones- estrogen
in women and testosterone
Estrogen stimulates sexual maturity in females. Progesterone helps to maintain pregnancy
. Testosterone stimulates male fertility
and secondary sexual characters.
Abnormal levels of sex hormones are often associated with endocrine dysfunction especially the pituitary and adrenal glands, hence this test is usually carried out along with other hormone tests. Normal Range :
Interpretation : Normal
Low levels indicate ovarian failure, pituitary dysfunction, or menopause.
High estrogen levels could indicate estrogen-producing tumors or severe liver disease such as cirrhosis. In men it could indicate testicular tumors.
Low levels - ovarian or pituitary gland dysfunction or pregnancy-related problems.
High levels - linked to ovulation, pregnancy, ovarian cysts, adrenal gland disorders, or certain tumors.
Low levels - Pituitary gland dysfunction, testicular / prostate cancer
, orchiectomy (removal of the testes), estrogen therapy, liver cirrhosis.
High levels - Benign and malignant tumors of adrenal gland and hyperthyroidism
. In women, it may be caused by ovarian or adrenal tumors or PCO syndrome.