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Diet during Typhoid

Written by julia samuel
Article Reviewed by Dietitian Shirley Johanna on Aug 25, 2016

What is Typhoid?

Typhoid fever, an infectious disease caused by the bacteria Salmonella typhi, is common in some developing countries and affects more than 12 million people, annually.

Typhoid spreads when people consume food or water, which is contaminated by the feces of another, infected person. People with a poor immune system are more prone to the disease and are more likely to be severely affected. Intestinal ulcers, diarrhea or constipation, severe stomachache and hemorrhage are the common symptoms of the disease.

What Should I Eat During Typhoid?

Generally during fever, a bland diet, which is smooth and soothing, is preferred. Diet during typhoid should be given close attention, as it is an important part of the treatment. Gastrointestinal discomforts are common in typhoid; so care should be taken while cooking food and also choosing foods that are easy to digest.

Though bland, the diet should be nutritionally adequate to meet daily calorie requirements of the body. The body's basal metabolic rate is 10% high during fever, which means that more tissue is being broken down to give energy. So the diet given during typhoid should provide sufficient proteins, meet the nutrient requirement of the body and maintain a water and electrolyte balance. This is mainly to avoid irritation to the mucus membrane, to reduce gastric acidity, which would further inflame the gastrointestinal tract.

Progressive Diet Plan

A progressive diet from a liquid diet to a normal diet depending on the level of tolerance would help the person's appetite.

Foods to Avoid During Typhoid

Dietary precautions during treatment of typhoid fever make sure that the disease does not aggravate. It helps you ease from the discomforts of the disease.

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