Tubal sterilization is intended to be a permanent method of birth control. This single procedure can provide highly effective protection against pregnancy for the remainder of a woman’s reproductive years. Temporary methods have an increased chance of failure and some may have bothersome side effects.
Sterilization is legal for mentally competent, adult women only if it is voluntary. Tubal ligation is considered a permanent form of birth control. It is NOT recommended as a temporary or reversible procedure.
Researchers continue to explore the possibility of using various substances that can be introduced through the cervix to occlude the tubal lumen through sclerosis or mechanical occlusion. Quinacrine, which is an antimalarial drug, has been used and introduced into the fallopian tube for sterilization. This process is still under study.