Tracheostomy (Tray-kee-AH-stuh-mee) is a surgical opening in the trachea (windpipe) that forms a temporary or permanent opening to make breathing easier.
The terms "tracheotomy" and "tracheostomy" are used interchangeably
The opening is called a stoma.
A tracheotomy tube is inserted in the opening to keep it open.
Emergency tracheostomy is performed as a lifesaving procedure
► Tracheostomy in early days was considered slashing of the neck to save a life.
► Even though tracheostomy procedure existed right from the Rig Vedas it was
► In 1718 that Lorenz Heister coined the term tracheotomy
► In 1921 Chevalier Jackson described the indications and techniques for modern tracheostomy.