Pre-operative Steps to Avoid Complications
Before a patient is subjected to any surgery it is essential that a thorough check up is done and a risk evaluation is undertaken. If there are certain unavoidable risks and the operation is mandatory these risks should be explained to the relatives. A proper informed consent is essential before proceeding for surgery.
Certain surgeries like heart surgery have the inherent problem of blood loss hence enough blood should be cross-matched and kept ready. Similarly in some situations the chances of infections are high and this can lead to sepsis – in this situation prophylactic antibiotic should be used.
General guidelines to avoid complications include -
1. History- certain problems like allergy can be avoided if prior knowledge of these complications is informed to the anesthetists and surgeons.
2. Proper medication-Regular treatment of illnesses like diabetes, high blood pressure should be undertaken
3. Follow instructions regarding fasting, discontinuing some medications as advised faithfully to prevent complications
4. Prevent contamination of wound (operated site) by maintaining general hygiene and asepsis while changing dressings
Remain calm- A relaxed mind will go a long way in making the ordeal of surgery a pleasant experience