Before surgery, the doctor may order blood and urine tests, and any additional tests such as ultrasound or x rays to help the surgeon visualize the person's condition. An anesthesiologist will evaluate any special conditions that might affect the administration of anesthesia. A colon preparation may be necessary, if extensive surgery is anticipated.
It is recommended that the patient take nothing by mouth (food, water, etc.) for at least 6 hours before the scheduled operation or after midnight, if the operation is planned for the morning.
Painkillers and antibiotics may be prescribed before the procedure.
A sedative maybe useful to relieve the anxiety of surgery.
The abdomen and genital area may be shaved and prepared for the surgery.
Before surgery or during the previous night a bath maybe advisable. While bathing thorough cleaning of the abdominal and genital area with soap and water a few times can help in lowering the bacterial count and lessen the chances of any infection from surgery.
An enema maybe administered to the patient prior to performing the surgery. Sometimes a laxative maybe given to clear the bowels prior to the surgery.
On the evening before the operation a light easily digestible meal is advised.