1. Besides vasectomy, are there any other contraceptive options for men?
Constant research is being done towards developing a male contraceptive pill and other temporary contraceptive devices such as the intra vas device (fitted into the vas, which can then be removed at a later date). It would however take several years before such options can be made available.
2. Are there any disadvantages associated with vasectomy?
One of the major drawbacks associated with vasectomy unlike condoms is that it does not offer protection against sexually transmitted diseases such as AIDS, syphilis, gonorrhea and others.
3. Will I become sterile immediately after the procedure?
No, it is impractical for you to expect that the surgery would make you sterile immediately. It might take as long as 2 months or even more than that. It is very important to continue your contraceptive precautions (condoms, oral contraceptive pills) until the doctor tells you that it is alright to have unprotected sex. A test (semen analysis, usually done twice) would be carried out several weeks after the surgery to ensure that your semen is free of sperm.
4. Will I have a decreased sex drive or an altered sex life following vasectomy?
Vasectomy is a surgical procedure, which creates a mechanical obstruction of the flow of sperms through the reproductive tract. This has nothing to do with your sexual desire (libido) or your ability to have an erection. Also undisturbed is your ability to achieve an orgasm and ejaculate. Your sex life can therefore be as enjoyable as it was before the surgery.
5. Will the volume of my ejaculation decrease after vasectomy?
The volume of semen is not altered as much of it is contributed by the seminal vesicles and prostate gland.