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Hysterectomy - Uterus Anatomy

Female Reproductive System

The female reproductive organs are made up of the vulva, the vagina, the uterus, the fallopian tubes, and the ovaries.


The uterus is a hollow, pear-shaped organ that is the home to a developing fetus. The uterus is divided into two parts: the lower part of the uterus that opens into the vagina is called the cervix, and the main body of the uterus, is called the corpus. The uterus has three layers.

Female Reproductive System

 Endometrium This is the innermost layer of the uterus. The thickness of the endometrium is regulated by hormones and so varies according to the phase of the menstrual cycle. Another name for this lining layer is the mucosa.

 Myometrium This middle layer is a thick wall made of smooth muscle cells.

 Serosa The outermost layer consists of a membrane called the serosa. This thin layer merges with connective tissue (ligaments) that suspends the uterus in the pelvis.

The blood supply to the uterus is through the uterine arteries, which are branches of the Aorta, which is the main blood vessel of the body.

The vagina is a canal that joins the cervix to the outside of the body. It also is known as the birth canal.

The ovaries are small, oval-shaped glands about the size of an almond that are located on either side of the uterus. The ovaries produce eggs and hormones.

The Fallopian tubes are attached to the upper part of the uterus and serve as tunnels for the ova to travel from the ovaries to the uterus. Conception, the fertilization of an egg by a sperm, normally occurs in the fallopian tubes. The fertilized egg then moves to the uterus, where it implants to grow into an embryo.

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evely 

i need to speak to someone that could answer my question, about hysterectomy...im in need to meet a support group of people that been throug this procedure' can you please help me?i live in bronx ny.please replied as soon as possible.thank you.

Gina13 

I have yet to make the life changing decision at 36 to proceed with a total hysterectomy. It has no less than consumed my body and mind. I'm at war with myself fighting to keep these thoughts and feelings from reaching my spirit. I'm desperate to find a support group. There has to be another alternative that doesn't consist of man-made synthetic drugs or the removal of my womanhood. I suffer from Endometriosis, fibroids, scar tissue and cysts. I had a D&C, ablasion and my left fallopian tube killed in January. It does not seem to have done any good.

carinprice77 

I HAVE HAD ABD. HYSTERECTOMY AND HAS A TERRIBLE SCAR cOULD A LIP0SUCTION AND TUMMY TuCK MAKE IT LESS OBVIOUS?

callliz 

My friend was diagnoised with inflamatory breast cancer march 08. this past dec. she had a hysterecomy. surgery was on the 15th and by New years day she was still bleeding heavily.Is this normal to bleed that much, almost a month after surgery?

Dhruti Doctor 

PL PROVIDE ME MEDICINE FOR STARTING MENSTRUALCYCLE AS I NEVER BEEN ABOVE PERIOD,NOW I REACH 18 YRS

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