There are two main techniques used to perform hysterectomies, Open technique and Minimally invasive techniques. Minimally invasive techniques are
Open technique is a total abdominal hysterectomy (TAH)
- Vaginal Hysterectomy
- Laparoscopic Hysterectomy
The ideal surgical procedure for each woman depends on her particular medical condition. A. Open technique Abdominal hysterectomy
In November 1843, Charles Clay performed the first hysterectomy in Manchester, England. The body of the uterus was removed while the cervix remained intact. In 1929, Richardson, MD, performed the first TAH (total abdominal hysterectomy), in which the entire uterus was removed (Johns, 1997).
Abdominal hysterectomy can be performed under spinal anesthesia
or general anesthesia
. The patient remains awake during a spinal anesthesia, with only lower section of the body being numbed to prevent pain. When given a general anesthetic, the person is unconscious.