These are preparations, which are done prior to surgery to improve the out come of surgery.
It can be done as day-surgery or may require an overnight stay in the hospital.
It is recommended that the patient take nothing by mouth (food, water, etc.) for at least 6 hours before the scheduled operation or after midnight, if the operation is planned in the morning.
Painkillers and antibiotics may be prescribed before the procedure.
A sedative maybe useful to relieve the anxiety of surgery.
The genital area may be shaved and prepared for the surgery.
Before surgery or during the previous night a bath maybe advisable. While bathing thorough cleaning of the genital area with soap and water a few times can help in lowering the bacterial count and lessen the chances of any infection from surgery.
An enema maybe administered to the patient prior to performing the surgery. Sometimes a laxative maybe given to clear the bowels prior to the surgery.