Dilatation and curettage (D&C) may be done as a diagnostic or a therapeutic procedure.
Uterine scraping (D & C) may be done to:
Diagnose conditions by collecting tissue samples for biopsy.
To treat irregular or heavy bleeding.
Evacuation of retained products of conception (ERPOC) - removes any leftover tissue after a spontaneous abortion .
The other indications for D & C include:
Treat intermenstrual bleeding.
To investigate the causes of infertility.
To remove polyps in the endometrial or inner lining of the uterus.
To diagnose endometrial cancer.
To remove an embedded intrauterine device (IUD) used for contraception.
To perform abortion in the early stages of pregnancy.
To evacuate spontaneous abortion products.
To investigate the cause of abnormal bleeding in postmenopausal women taking hormone replacement therapy.