► Hormone secreted in the islets of Langerhans by the pancreas
► Sustainer of glucose in the blood
► Fat guarder preventing organs from exhausting energy
► Energy saverDrop in insulin production results in Diabetes mellitus or diabetes.
Big Shots of Insulin
► Insulin is administered before intake of food.
► Short Acting Insulin is meant for light meal such as breakfast and evening meals.
► Long Acting Insulin is meant for heavy meal such as lunch and dinner.
► Rapid Onset Fast Acting Insulin is followed by immediate consumption of food.
► Dosage of insulin depends on the diet of the diabetic.
Insulin & Mealtime
Ideal gap between administering insulin and food consumption is
► Half an hour before food intake in case of Short Acting Insulin
► One hour before food take in case of Long Acting Insulin
► Eat immediately in case of Rapid Onset Fast Acting Insulin
Insulin injection is simplified through :
► Insulin Syringes: A single use, disposable plastic syringes with fine needles.
► Insulin Pen: A dispenser resembling a pen which contains insulin
► Insulin Pumps: A pre-programmed pump worn around the abdomen that administers insulin on time.
► Abdomen and thighs are the ideal locations to inject and easy to reach.
► Best place to inject insulin is in the area of fatty tissues.
► Change the location of the injecting spot.
► Self injection is easy to learn.
If you cannot do it yourself make arrangement for a nurse or your relatives to give you an injection.
For humans, by humans
► Initially animals were a source for making insulin since it almost matched the human insulin. As some patients exhibited allergies, it was replaced by genetically engineered insulin for human insulin.
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