How is malaria transmitted?
Malaria is a communicable disease caused by the parasite plasmodium. Four species of the plasmodium parasite cause malaria. They are:
► Plasmodium vivax
► Plasmodium malariae
► Plasmodium ovale
► Plasmodium falciparum
It is spread to humans by the bite of an infected female anopheles mosquito. Traveling to mosquito- prone areas increases the risk of contracting the disease.
Female mosquitoes are concerned with the transmission of plasmodium whereas male mosquitoes feed only on fruit juices.