Campylobacteriosis is a severe form of diarrhea
caused by a bacterium Campylobacter jejuni.Campylobacter jejuni
is the most common cause of gastroenteritis and causes 5-14% of diarrhea cases that occur worldwide. The disease occurs more frequently in summer than winter. Campylobacteriosis usually lasts for 2 to 5 days but may be prolonged by relapses.
Infection occurs due to consumption of contaminated food, water or raw milk.
Campylobacteriosis produces an inflammatory, sometimes bloody diarrhea accompanied by abdominal cramps, fever and pain.
Treatment includes providing rehydration therapy and antibiotics are used in severe cases. Campylobacteriosis is usually a self-limiting disease without any mortality, if proper hydration is maintained. However, there is a possibility of complications like convulsions and arthritis.
Campylobacteriosis can be prevented by proper sanitation, personal and food hygiene as well as safe water supply.Causes of
Campylobacteriosis occurs due to
consumption of contaminated food, water or raw
Campylobacteriosis is a zoonotic disease i.e.
it is passed to humans via animals or animal products.
It is caused by a bacterium, usually
Campylobacter jejuni or C. coli.
The bacteria are found worldwide in most
warm-blooded domestic and wild animals. They are common in food animals
like poultry, cattle, pigs, sheep, ostriches and shellfish and in pets
including cats and dogs. The animals may not have any symptoms.
People are exposed to the bacteria by -
Handling infected raw poultry, or infected
human or animal feces
of contaminated food such as undercooked meat, non-chlorinated water or
raw milk.Symptoms of
Symptoms of campylobacteriosis include diarrhea
accompanied by abdominal cramps, fever and
Symptoms of campylobacteriosis
Mild or severe diarrhea. It may be
Abdominal cramps and/or pain
Rarely, some people develop
arthritis Treatment of
Treatment includes providing rehydration therapy
and antibiotics are used in severe cases.
healthcare provider can diagnose campylobacteriosis by identifying the
bacteria in the stool.
The infection is usually
self-limiting, and in most cases, liquid and electrolyte
is enough to treat human infections.
are required in
severe cases. Erythromycin is the drug of choice in children, and
tetracycline in adults.