Campylobacteriosis is a severe form of diarrhea. It is a zoonotic disease caused by a bacterium Campylobacter jejuni.
Campylobacter jejuni is the most common cause of gastroenteritis and causes 5-14% of diarrhea cases that occur worldwide. The disease occurs more frequently in summer than winter. Campylobacteriosis usually lasts for 2 to 5 days but may be prolonged by relapses.
Infection occurs due to consumption of contaminated food, water or raw milk.
Campylobacteriosis produces an inflammatory, sometimes bloody diarrhea accompanied by abdominal cramps, fever and pain.
Treatment includes providing rehydration therapy and antibiotics are used in severe cases. Campylobacteriosis is usually a self-limiting disease without any mortality, if proper hydration is maintained. However, there is a possibility of complications like convulsions and arthritis.
Campylobacteriosis can be prevented by proper sanitation, personal and food hygiene as well as safe water supply.