The symptoms of menopause are caused by changes in estrogen and progesterone levels and can last for up to 5-years or more.
As the ovaries become less functional, they produce less estrogen/progesterone and the body subsequently reacts. Some women experience no symptoms, while others experience mild to severe symptoms.
This variation is normal. A gradual decrease of estrogen allows the body to slowly adjust to the hormonal changes during menopause, but in some women a sudden decrease in estrogen level occurs, causing severe symptoms. This is often seen when menopause is caused by surgical removal of uterus (Surgical Menopause).
Symptoms of menopause include:
Palpitations (irregular heartbeats)
Hot flashes or hot flushes
Painful sexual intercourse
Mood swings including irritability, depression and anxiety
Joint aches and pains
Urinary frequency, urgency or incontinence