Other Names - Dizziness, Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV), Meniere disease, Motion Sickness, Labyrinthitis Vertigo
is a feeling of
spinning (whirling) or falling down when there are no actual body movements. Vertigo
is caused most often due to problems in the brain and inner ear. The
most common form of vertigo is Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV)
is a symptom of a balance disorder
that occurs due to disturbances caused in the inner ear balance.
Vertigo may last for a few moments,
several hours, or even days. Vertigo is most common in elderly people, but can affect both sexes at
patient suffering from vertigo complains of a sensation of motion or
spinning within stable surroundings
, and it may be accompanied by loss of balance and nausea
Depending on the symptoms and signs,
a diagnosis of vertigo can be made. To make an accurate diagnosis the doctor
can sometimes advice tests like Dix-Hallpike test, computerized dynamic
posturography, audiometry or electronystagmography.
Treatment of vertigo depends largely
on the underlying cause of vertigo. Ear infection will need treatment with
antibiotics. Common medicines for treatment of the condition include- meclizine
hydrochloride (Antivert), diphenhydramine (Benadryl), promethazine
hydrochloride (Phenergan) and diazepam (Valium). Physical therapy might be
recommended in some forms of vertigo.
People suffering from vertigo should take
precautions so that they do not fall and hurt themselves. House and toilets may
need to have railings installed.