Vaginitis is an infection or inflammation of the vagina, which occurs due to an overgrowth of infective organisms or due to irritation caused by chemicals, like soap and deodorants.
The features of Vaginitis are:
An abnormal discharge
The vagina is a tubular tract and serves as a conduit between the uterus and the outside. Many bacteria grow naturally in the vagina. Some of the normal inhabitants of the vagina are yeast, streptococcus, staphylococcus and lactobacillus.
The vagina has an acidic pH, which is maintained by the bacteria, lactobacillus. The normal pH of the vagina is 3.8 - 4.5. This acidity helps to keep the vagina clean and also to prevent infections.
The normal vaginal secretions are usually thin or thick, clear in nature and white in color, without any odor. These secretions vary in intensity throughout the menstrual cycle, since hormones influence them.
There is an increase in the normal vaginal secretions during ovulation (mid - cycle) and in the premenstrual phase (week before a period). Other conditions associated with an increase in the normal vaginal discharge are pregnancy, use of oral contraceptive pills, sexual excitement, breast-feeding and stress.
Latest Publication and Research on VaginitisEvaluation of the Efficacy and Safety of Hyaluronic Acid Vaginal Gel to Ease Vaginal Dryness: A Multicenter, Randomized, Controlled, Open-Label, Parallel-Group, Clinical Trial. - Published by PubMed
Genotyping Reveals no Link Between Candida albicans Genotype and Vaginitis Severity in Turkish Women. - Published by PubMed
Novel microparticulate systems for the vaginal delivery of nystatin: Development and characterization. - Published by PubMed
The clinical spectrum of Trichomonas vaginalis infection and challenges to management. - Published by PubMed
Resistance and Barriers to Local Estrogen Therapy in Women with Atrophic Vaginitis. - Published by PubMed