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Type 2 Diabetes - Risk Factors - Symptoms & Signs - Management - Prevention

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Diabetes mellitus is an inheritable metabolic disease with serious implications. It can be easily managed through medications, regular exercising and proper diet.

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Other Names of Type 2 Diabetes: - Non-Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (NIDDM), Adult-Onset Diabetes

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a metabolic disease which makes it challenging for the affected individuals to convert food to energy.

Type 2 Diabetes


This leads to them having higher than normal levels of blood glucose with very little energy to go about their tasks.

Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus was common about couple of decades ago among the middle aged and the affluent; however with globalization and the changing lifestyles the disease is now very common in developing countries. India and China together hold the largest number of diabetics with India being known as the Diabetes Capital of the World.

6 million people in the USA have type 2 diabetes. India has a whopping 30 million and more people who are diabetics. According to a WHO estimate released in 1998, India will have the maximum number of diabetics in the world by 2025.

Normally, after a meal, the food consumed is broken down into glucose - which is a variety of carbohydrate referred popularly as ‘sugar’. Glucose is normally transported to different cells of the body to be converted into energy that is required for the cells to perform their functions. This conversion is carried out with the help of insulin, a hormone secreted by the pancreas.

Type 2 diabetes is brought about when the cells in the muscles, liver, and fat tissues fail to utilize insulin effectively. These result in a rise in the blood glucose levels with the cells remaining deprived of energy.

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Increased levels of blood glucose eventually damage the nerves and blood vessels leading to severe health complications such as heart disease, stroke, kidney disease, infections in the gum, and also eye problems leading to blindness.

It is reported that nearly 8 percent of the adults in the USA have type 2 diabetes. Sadly, a good number of them are unaware of it, as they may not have any signs or symptoms.

Type 2 diabetes may occur in pregnant women and it is then called gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). In many of them the disease may clear after delivery. However, these women with previous gestational diabetes (p GDM), are at a higher risk of developing Type 2 diabetes later on in their life so much so that GDM is considered an early stage of the disease. It is also known to be an indicator of an increased risk for cardiovascular diseases.

In these modern times it is not uncommon to find children with Type 2 DM, whereas a few years ago only type 1 diabetes occurred in children. Childhood obesity, which is quite rampant among the affluent population, causes insulin resistance which in turn leads to full blown Type 2 DM. The disease causes several complications in children including cardiovascular disease, stroke, Myocardial Infarction (MI) and even sudden death. Renal complications and neuropathy is also common.

Pre-diabetes’ is a condition when the blood glucose level in an individual is greater than normal but lower than the usual diabetes values. This pre diabetic state predisposes an individual to diabetes and heart diseases. So once a person has been declared ‘pre- diabetic’ it is important for him to establish a sensible lifestyle, comprising of healthy diet and moderate exercises, in order to prevent the onset of the disease.

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Diabetes is not contagious but can be hereditical in families. It is a serious health condition which can be brought under control by effective management.
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i was tested for type 2 a few months ago and every thing fine so why now am i having a screening test again> what are the chances?? i an going to the toilet more often,i want to eat all the time,and i am taking cold sores on my mouth more often..please help
meggin Saturday, July 21, 2012
My PP sugar value is 159.Can anyone tel me,whether iam diabetic ? Do i need to go for any further diabetic test?
Indian12 Wednesday, December 14, 2011
hi, I am from INDIA.1ST THING ,I WANT TO SAY THANKS TO THIS BLOG TO GIVE VERY IMP TIPS FOR ALL DIABETIC PEOPLE.what ever has been mantioned above is almost the True fact of human body.little bit of self dicipline AND little bit of carefullness in eating habbit can reduce 80% of chances of gettin victim of sugar disease.untill now i have never com across any one who has got cured with diabetes after starting tablets or insulin.infact ihave seen people getting cured by other means of medication with combination of doing exercise and walking..i have been helping people to reduce sugar and with gods wish and with patient cooperation many of them have managed to stop tables.drinking of lot of water and herbal medicine does help people to clear toxins and reduce sugar level.unless person doesn't follow strict rules its very difficult to reduce sugar.if person doesn't controll sugar in proper time period, then there is lot of health problem expected from feat to head.so be active keep eye on your weight,food habits.do little exercise to release your energy which reduces sugar. thank you sb
sbsidh Thursday, December 16, 2010

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