Type 2 Diabetes - Causes and Risk Factors

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Causes and Risk Factors

There are so many myths regarding the causes of diabetes. One is that eating too many sweets or carbohydrate –rich food leads to diabetes. This is not true but the fact remains that both these types of food lead to obesity which is one of the main causes for diabetes.

Another myth is that stress leads to diabetes. This again is not true. But stress can affect the immune system which can trigger type 2 diabetes. Besides, stress can aggravate the existing symptoms in someone with diabetes.

Type 2 diabetes is caused when:-

► The body receptors that respond to insulin fail to do so (insulin resistance). This may send the wrong signal to the insulin-producing pancreatic cells, which produce excessive insulin

► The insulin that is produced is abnormal and is therefore substandard and non- functional

► There is not enough insulin available

Risk Factors include -

► Increasing age

► Fairly inactive lifestyle –exercise fewer than 3 times a week

► Obesity

► Gestational diabetes

► Pancreas -damaging illnesses

► First degree relative with diabetes

► Ethnicity –If you are American Indian, African American,, Asian American, Hispanic/Latino, Alaska Native or Pacific Islander.

► Blood pressure is increased to 140/90 mm Hg or above.

► Abnormal cholesterol levels –

► HDL “good” cholesterol level is below 35 mg/dL

► or triglyceride "bad cholesterol" level is above 250 mg/dL.

► History of cardiovascular disease.

► Certain medications such as -

► beta blockers,

► steroids,

► oral contraceptives,

► thiazide diuretics,

► and phenytoin sodium

► Polycystic ovary syndrome, also called PCOS in women.

► Tuberculosis in adults.

► Impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) detected during previous testing

► Insulin resistance associated illnesses such as acanthosis nigricans, which is characterized by dark, velvety rash around the neck or armpits.

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i was tested for type 2 a few months ago and every thing fine so why now am i having a screening test again> what are the chances?? i an going to the toilet more often,i want to eat all the time,and i am taking cold sores on my mouth more often..please help

My PP sugar value is 159.Can anyone tel me,whether iam diabetic ? Do i need to go for any further diabetic test?

hi, I am from INDIA.1ST THING ,I WANT TO SAY THANKS TO THIS BLOG TO GIVE VERY IMP TIPS FOR ALL DIABETIC PEOPLE.what ever has been mantioned above is almost the True fact of human body.little bit of self dicipline AND little bit of carefullness in eating habbit can reduce 80% of chances of gettin victim of sugar disease.untill now i have never com across any one who has got cured with diabetes after starting tablets or insulin.infact ihave seen people getting cured by other means of medication with combination of doing exercise and walking..i have been helping people to reduce sugar and with gods wish and with patient cooperation many of them have managed to stop tables.drinking of lot of water and herbal medicine does help people to clear toxins and reduce sugar level.unless person doesn't follow strict rules its very difficult to reduce sugar.if person doesn't controll sugar in proper time period, then there is lot of health problem expected from feat to head.so be active keep eye on your weight,food habits.do little exercise to release your energy which reduces sugar. thank you sb

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