Type 2 Diabetes - Risk Factors - Symptoms & Signs - Management - Prevention
Causes and Risk Factors
Another myth is that stress leads to diabetes. This again is not true. But stress can affect the immune system which can trigger type 2 diabetes. Besides, stress can aggravate the existing symptoms in someone with diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes is caused when:-
The body receptors that respond to insulin fail to do so (insulin resistance). This may send the wrong signal to the insulin-producing pancreatic cells, which produce excessive insulin
The insulin that is produced is abnormal and is therefore substandard and non- functional
There is not enough insulin available
Risk Factors include -
Fairly inactive lifestyle –exercise fewer than 3 times a week
Pancreas -damaging illnesses
First degree relative with diabetes
Ethnicity –If you are American Indian, African American,, Asian American, Hispanic/Latino, Alaska Native or Pacific Islander.
Blood pressure is increased to 140/90 mm Hg or above.
Abnormal cholesterol levels –
HDL “good” cholesterol level is below 35 mg/dL
or triglyceride "bad cholesterol" level is above 250 mg/dL.
History of cardiovascular disease.
Certain medications such as -
and phenytoin sodium
Polycystic ovary syndrome, also called PCOS in women.
Tuberculosis in adults.
Impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) detected during previous testing
Insulin resistance associated illnesses such as acanthosis nigricans, which is characterized by dark, velvety rash around the neck or armpits.