decay is a disease of the tooth that damages its structure.
is the most important cause of tooth loss in children and younger people. Tooth
decay can easily be prevented by brushing and flossing the teeth regularly.
Untreated tooth decay can result in death of the internal structures of the
tooth with eventual loss of the tooth.
Tooth decay occurs when bacteria in the mouth
make acids that form cavities in the teeth.
are usually painless
until they grow very large inside the internal structures of the tooth (the
dentin and the pulp at the core) and can cause death of the nerve and blood
vessels in the tooth, leading to the formation of abscess. Toothache
is the most common symptom of tooth decay.
Tooth decay can easily be diagnosed during
routine dental check-ups.
The treatment for tooth decay depends upon the extent
of damage. Mild cavities can be fixed with the help of fillings. For more
severe tooth decay, a crown or root canal is recommended. In extreme cases, the
dentist extracts the damaged tooth.