General Info About Structural Birth Defects
Even though medical technology has improved so much over the recent years, the risk of having a child with a birth defect continues to be significant. About 1 in 33 children are born with structural defects like malformed limbs, heart problems and facial abnormalities.
Patients of all age groups, races, education levels and socio-economic backgrounds are affected. Educating people about the causes of birth defects is the only way to prevent them to some extent.
The most common major structural birth defects are heart defects like atrial and ventricular septal defects, patent ductus arteriosus, and aortic or pulmonary valve stenosis.
The other major structural defects that arise during the first month of pregnancy are called neural tube defects (NTDs). NTDs arise when the neural tube does not close completely by the 29th day after conception. Researchers have not found a cause for this birth defect. Spina bifida, anencephaly are the most common forms of NTDs.
Hypospadias is also a common structural defect. This structural disorder involves the male urethra and occurs when there is incomplete closure of the urethral folds.
Latest Publications and Research on Birth Defect - Structural DefectsEffective treatment of cervical incompetence in a monochorionic monoamniotic twin pregnancy with a rescue cervical cerclage and pessary--a case report and review of literature. - Published by PubMed
Structure of Schmallenberg orthobunyavirus nucleoprotein suggests a novel mechanism for genome encapsidation. - Published by PubMed
Sudden death and physical exercise: timely diagnosis of congenital anomalies of the coronary arteries with the new 320-slide multi-detector computed tomography. - Published by PubMed
Histopathology of the great vessels in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension in association with congenital heart disease: Large pulmonary arteries matter too. - Published by PubMed
Mutations in B3GALNT2 Cause Congenital Muscular Dystrophy and Hypoglycosylation of a-Dystroglycan. - Published by PubMed