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Stem Cells - Fundamentals

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Stem Cells - Glossary

1.Mosaic - An individual with two cell types or more, comprising of different chromosome number or structure

2.Genetic Counselling - A communicative procedure that undertakes to deal with the problems that rise in a family with the occurrence or the risk of occurrence of a genetic abnormality

3.Pedigree - A pedigree involves recording a family's history and making use of a standard set of symbols to represent the status of each member of the family

4.Allele - An allele is an alternative form of a gene loated on a given locus of a chromosome

5.Gene - Genes are located on the chromosomes and carry the information representing a protein

6.Chromosomes - Chromosomes are structures made up of DNA and proteins found in the cells of all organisms.The number of chromosomes is species- specific.In humans it is 46.

7.DNA - The DNA is the basic unit of heredity and is known as the blue print of life.It carries the genetic codes which stores the necessary information for all organisms.

8.Genotype - Genotype indicates the genetic constitution of an organism

9.Phenotype - Phenotype refers to the physical appearance of an organism which is controlled by the genotype and the enviornment

10.Haploid Cell - A cell having only one set of chromosomes,ie.23 numbers in humans

11.Diploid Cell - Having two sets of chromosomes,46 numbers in humans

12.Hybrid - An offspring of parents belonging to two different species,example mule which is the offspring of a horse and donkey

13.Mutation - An inheritable change in the gene or the chromosome

14.Wild Type - An organism having a normal phenotype

15.Mutant - An organism harboring a mutation

16.Trisomy - A condition ,which arises due to the presence of an extra chromosome.An example is Down syndrome, where the individual has an extra chromosome 21

17.Mitosis - A division by which the cells reproduce, wherein the resultant cells are the replica of the parent cell.

18.Meiosis - A special kind of cell division,called reduction division, that takes place in the testes and the ovaries, which produces eggs and sperms that are haploid

19.Consanguinous marriage - A marriage between two closely related individuals

20.Euploidy - When an organism has the regular chromosome number,example 46 numbers in humans, it is euploid.

21.Aneuploidy - When an organism has an abnormal number of chromosomes as in Down Syndrome,it is known as aneuploidy.

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i need a stem cell transplant for c.i.d.p. i have been on iv Gamma Glub for 10 years
JODY2513 Friday, February 14, 2014
I am based in Delhi. How can I avail of your services? how about the costs etc? A.K. Srivastava
Anandkumarsrivastava Wednesday, April 25, 2012
we can get totipotent stem cells from human embryos that are created invitro in ART labs.
reejatharu Tuesday, August 24, 2010
Hello,
I am a c2/c3 quad on a ventilator. I have been paralyzed for 15 years as a result from fooling with a friend. I writing to find about any type of human spinal cord rejuvenation trials. If so or any type along that line, then please let me know.
Thanks

guest Monday, August 30, 2010
contact reelabs at mumbai, reference roheet gupta. they have done such cases sussessfully
roheet Sunday, September 26, 2010
I know that Miami college in Florida has been working on this in animals, so they can do this in humans. They have been doing wonders. Give them a call. It might just change your life. Be persistent about it with them. You could also call up Pen State. Their are some wonderful BME people there. M for Medical that is. They might be able to help. Call Florida first for sure. God bless your journey.
Gabriel Tuesday, November 13, 2012
A fertilised egg has totipotency, or total potential for about four days. Days after fertilisation,the totipotent stem cell divides and then matures to cause more specialised stem cells called pluripotent stem cells.Basically, the pluripotent stem cell can do everything the totipotent one can except for creating an entire organism.


so, how can we take totipotent cells frm a human? is tht practically possible? if we could, it wud be great, isn't it?

Namithann Tuesday, May 25, 2010
growing
Aarex Wednesday, February 10, 2010
I love your website.
florida5666 Tuesday, January 19, 2010
wat is a baby thing in the stuff........
guest Sunday, November 11, 2007
ESC research only "does not involve cloning" if you redefine 'cloning.' Most people understand that it is making a 'copy' of someone's DNA. To use ESC's therapeutically, they must be 'recognized' by the cells of the end user - the simplest way is to 'clone' his/her DNA. And insert it into an available egg (and where are all these human eggs going to come from? 3rd-world women?)
guest Monday, October 08, 2007

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