Sleep Walking / Somnambulism

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Causes

Disruption of the normal regulation of the different phases of sleep maybe responsible for Sleepwalking; however its actual cause is unknown.

Wakefulness, Rapid Eye Movement and Non Rapid Eye Movement sleep states overlap as transition occurs from one state to another. A smooth flow of these states is essential for good sleep. Dissociation of this smooth transition may cause sleepwalking. This can be aggravated by the following factors-



► Fever

► Sleep Deprivation and Obstructive Sleep Apnea

► Other disorders that disrupt slow-wave sleep

► Internal stimuli, such as a full urinary bladder

► External stimuli, such as noises

► Personality disorders

► Relationship difficulties

► Drugs, like thioridazine, fluphenazine, perphenazine, desipramine, chloral hydrate, and lithium

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