Sickle Cell Anemia

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Complications of Sickle Cell Anemia

Complication and problems of sickle cell disease is due to the hemoglobin S (HbS) molecule as described previously. Higher the concentration of sickle hemoglobin makes the environment more acidic and results in faster sickle cell process.

Bullet Hand-Foot Syndrome – Sickling can block the small blood vessels on the hands or feet lead to pain, swelling, and fever. This is the hand-foot syndrome which is very often the first sign of SCA in infants

Bullet Spleen damage -.The spleen traps sickled RBC; this damages the spleen and also causes anemia

Bullet Infections are very common in SCA children. Pneumonia, meningitis, hepatitis and influenza gravely affect young children with sickle cell anemia.

Bullet Acute Chest Syndrome is a life-threatening condition caused either by anemia or by sickled cells trapped in the lungs. Its symptoms are similar to pneumonia and it may sometimes lead to pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH)

Bullet Delayed Growth / Puberty in Children –Both growth and puberty are retarded in children with SCA due to the sickled cell

Bullet Stroke – Stroke can occur either when a blood vessel in the brain is blocked or when it bursts. This could lead to long-term disability, lasting brain damage, paralysis or even death.

Bullet Eye Problems occur when sickled RBCs clog the blood vessels of the eyes and damage the retina leading to blindness.

Bullet Priapism -Painful and uncalled for erections, called priapism, are common in SCA sufferers. This can, with time, damage the penis leading to impotence.

Bullet Gallstones – When the RBCs die they release Hb that gets converted to blirubin, which in excess can form gall stones which can be very painful.

Bullet Leg ulcers /sores which usually appear in the age group between 10-50years are more common in men than in women. The exact cause is unknown. Some ulcers heal fast while others persist for longer periods or may even recur.

Bullet Bone Infarction /aseptic necrosis – localized death of bone tissue due to improper circulation is seen in SCA patients.

Bullet Multiple organ failure – In some patients two or three organs fail and this can be fatal.

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Manyanoha Sunday, June 28, 2015

Dr Asenso and Health Talk Ltd in Kumasi Ghana has waged a war on Sickle Cell Disease and Malaria in their wellness center which is yielding tremendous results. The natural programs that we have at Health Talk Ltd complete cure these killer diseases.

saisrika Sunday, January 27, 2013

but how to save of patient why i am asking you my doctor name of sai srika age of 10 months she blood report is sickle cell 67.7%

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