Prostate cancer is a disease in which malignant cells form in the tissues of the prostate gland. The prostate gland is a gland in the male reproductive system found below the bladder and in front of the rectum.
Cancer of the prostate gland is common in males above the age of 50 years. Signs of prostate cancer include a weak flow of urine or frequent urination. The blood level of PSA (Prostate Specific Antigen) which is an enzyme produced by the prostate. Biopsy can help diagnose prostate cancer.
Currently we have four modalities of management. Choosing from among the four depends on:
- The patientís overall health
- The stage of the disease
- The results of the laboratory investigations
- The benefits and the potential side effects of the treatment
The treatment options for men with prostate cancer
- Watchful waiting
- Radiation therapy
- Hormone therapy
- Cryosurgery (cryotherapy)
- Biologic therapy
These treatments are generally used one at a time, although they may be combined in some cases. Early diagnosis and initiation of treatment gift a better prognosis for prostate cancer.