About - Peritoneal Cancer
The peritoneum is a membrane lining the inner surface of the abdomen. It also covers the outer surface of most organs in the abdominal cavity. It prevents friction between different organs and allows them to glide smoothly over one another. It is made up of 2 layers - the portion that lines the abdominal wall called parietal peritoneum and the portion that surrounds the organs called visceral peritoneum. The space between these 2 layers contains a small amount of fluid and is called the peritoneal cavity.
The primary cancers of peritoneum include peritoneal mesotheliomas, primary peritoneal carcinoma, and desmoplastic small round cell tumor. These cancers are rare but they often have a poor prognosis.
Peritoneal cancers cause vague symptoms like abdominal pain, distension and stomach upset; hence they are often diagnosed late. They are treated with surgery, chemotherapy and sometimes in addition radiation. A newer treatment approach includes removing the obvious cancer by a surgical procedure called Cytoreduction and then treating the patient with chemotherapy drugs instilled into the abdomen at a raised temperature through a procedure called Hyperthermic Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy.
Latest Publications and Research on Peritoneal CancerWell-differentiated papillary mesothelioma: clustering in a Portuguese family with a germline BAP1 mutation. - Published by PubMed
Current management of peritoneal carcinomatosis from colorectal cancer. - Published by PubMed
[Saccharomyces cerevisiae Infections.] - Published by PubMed
Thalidomide versus active supportive care for maintenance in patients with malignant mesothelioma after first-line chemotherapy (NVALT 5): an open-label, multicentre, randomised phase 3 study. - Published by PubMed
The Role of the Fallopian Tube in the Origin of Ovarian Cancer. - Published by PubMed