Periodontitis, also known as pyorrhea or periodontal
gingivitis, is an infection that causes inflammation of ligament tissues that
surround and support the teeth.
Periodontium refers to the
specialized tissues that surround and support the teeth, and fix them to the
loss of alveolar bones leading to loosening and loss of teeth. Periodontitis
(except as gingivitis
is a destructive periodontal disease since the damage caused is irreversible.
The bacteria in the mouth, along
with mucus and other particles, constantly produce a sticky, “plaque” on teeth.
helps in getting rid of the “plaque. However, improper brushing and poor oral
hygiene can cause accumulation of plaque that can eventually harden and form
“tartar”. The bacteria in tartar produce toxins to cause inflammation of the
gums, called gingivitis.
The bones and connective tissues
(ligaments) that support teeth break down and get destroyed due to our body’s
natural immune response to fight these infectious bacterial toxins. This causes
loosening of the
and eventually needs to be removed.
Periodontitis is classified in 7
categories as follows:
2. Chronic periodontitis
3. Aggressive periodontitis
4. Periodontitis as a manifestation of systemic disease
5. Necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis/periodontitis
6. Abscesses of the periodontium
7. Combined periodontic-endodontic lesions
The categories 2-7 necessitate a dentist’s