The following treatments are used for MPA:
► MPA is treated using a corticosteroid (a drug that suppresses inflammation and immunity) and cyclophosphamide (an anticancer drug that suppresses immunity). The patient could undergo complete cure or may experience relapses during treatment.
► Other drugs that may be useful are methotrexate, azathioprine, cyclosporine, intravenous immunoglobulin and monoclonal antibodies.
► Plasmapheresis (a procedure where antibodies are removed from the blood) may be useful in severe cases.
► Trimethoprim – sulfamethoxazole, an antibiotic, may be used to prevent Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in MPA patients.