» » About Meningitis


Rating : 12345
Rate This Article : 1 2 3 4 5
G J 4
A -A +


Meningitis is the infection and inflammation of the meninges (lining around the brain and spinal cord), and sometimes the cerebrospinal fluid, or CSF that surrounds the brain and spinal cord.


There are several types of meningitis depending on the causative factor:

Bullet Viral meningitis - Most common type of meningitis caused by enteroviruses.

Bullet Bacterial meningitis - It is rare, but can cause brain damage or death. Bacterial meningitis can be caused due to pneumococcal infections and meningococcal infections.

Bullet Sterile meningitis - It is caused due to systemic diseases, toxins, medications or malignancies.

Bacteria and virus causing meningitis spreads through the air as these micro-organisms are present in the respiratory and throat secretions. Viral meningitis can spread through stools also.

The infectious agents (bacteria, virus, fungus, parasites) enter the central nervous system (CNS) and replicate in an uncontrolled fashion resulting in meningeal inflammation. Meningitis can range from mild to life-threatening infections depending on the severity of the infecting organism, age of the person and his health condition.

Meningitis usually presents with a sudden fever, severe headache and a stiff neck, and can progress rapidly. It is usually diagnosed by analyzing the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF).

Early treatment of meningitis with the appropriate drugs can help prevent complications, including permanent neurological damage and death. Bacterial meningitis may take several days to few weeks to respond, while viral meningitis resolves within few days.

Hemophilus influenza type B vaccine (HiB vaccine) can prevent H.influenza meningitis. Also, the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine is very effective at preventing pneumococcal meningitis.

Post your Comments

Comments should be on the topic and should not be abusive. The editorial team reserves the right to review and moderate the comments posted on the site.
User Avatar
* Your comment can be maximum of 2500 characters
Notify me when reply is posted I agree to the terms and conditions
please explain the pathophysiology of meningitis.
DR.KABERIA Wednesday, November 21, 2012
Meningitis is a dangerous disease. My son had meningitis and we stayed in the hospital for 32 days. It is very costly too! The medicines are expensive. We almost lost him, too. Good thing the doctors are very good.
ennairam_23 Tuesday, February 1, 2011
Dear can u suggest me a doctor for this.
Dev162013 Saturday, January 11, 2014

Ask an Expert

If you have a question about health related issues, you can now post it in our Ask An Expert section on our community website and get answers from our panel of experts.

Join Our Online Health Community:

Recommended Groups Members Related Discussions
By registering with Medindia you become part of our global health community. Make new friends and share and discuss your health issues, with 206248 other members across 445 support groups.

You May Also Like

View All

Show More Related Topics y