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Acoustic neuroma is a benign intercranial tumor involving the myelin-forming Schwann cells of the vestibular portion of the 8th cranial nerve in the peripheral nervous system
Angry people with aggressive behavior have a higher risk of hypertension and stroke due to atherosclerosis (thickening of arterial walls).
Research has discovered that the volume of a region of the brain is responsible for a person’s predisposition to altruism.
Alzheimers disease is a common form of dementia affecting areas of the brain, which control memory and intelligence.
Find out more about the degenerative disease- Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.
Schizophrenia is a chronic distressing and debilitating ailment. About 80% of the patients report recurrence within 5 years. Antipsychotic drugs are effective in keeping a check on this recurrence.
A three month treatment with 300 mg IV aspirin does not improve the functional outcome of alteplase-treated acute ischemic stroke patients. However, the risk of developing SICH and SAEs is enhanced.
Ataxia affects coordination. Gait becomes unstable and the patient loses balance. The cerebellum or its inputs and/or outputs are affected.
Autism is a developmental disorder that typically develops during the first three years of life.
Understanding the basics about our back and our posture is very important in preventing back pain and improving workplace productivity.
Bell''s palsy is facial nerve disorder that causes weakness of the muscles on one side of the face. Its cause is unknown but most people make a full recovery within 8 to 12 weeks.
A number of research experiments have focused on foods that tend to improve brain function and prevent different conditions related to mental health. Read on to find out 7 ways to boost brain health.
An active brain can certainly help in improving memory by strengthening the connections between neural impulses in brain.
Rapid developments in medicine have expanded horizons for the treatment of even the most complex disorders. Learn more about the future of brain surgery that is all set to save lives.
ParkFit, a multifaceted behavioral change programme, fails to enhance the overall physical activity in patients with Parkinson's disease.
Cat scratch disease (CSD) is a self-limiting infection that spreads through contact with cats.
Researchers globally are optimistic that family interventions can lead to a significant dip in cases of relapse amongst schizophrenic patients.
Onset of epilepsy during childhood triples the long term mortality risk. Epilepsy-related mortality is higher than originally estimated.
The combination of clopidogrel and aspirin does not reduce the risk for recurrent lacunar infarcts and in fact increases the chances of bleeding.
Coma is a deep state of unconsciousness where the affected individual is alive but is not able to react or respond to external stimuli. The outcome ranges from full recovery to death.
Gripping over 2 million elderly people worldwide, Alzheimer’s disease is a serious neurological condition, still devoid of an appropriate treatment.
A seizure or a convulsion is a result of abnormal electrical activity in the brain. However, not all convulsions amount to epilepsy, and it can affect an individual at any age.
Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is a rare form of degenerative brain disorder, or brain damage that leads to a rapid decrease of mental function and movement.
CT scans done within 6 hours of headache onset by qualified personnel are highly sensitive in detecting subarachnoid hemorrhage.
A daily dose of vitamin B could greatly slow the onset of dementia and guard against Alzheimer's disease.
Consciousness can be decreased to various degrees and result in conditions like delirium, stupor, coma, persistent vegetative state, minimal conscious state and brain death.
A diet rich in deep fried and processed foods and sugary drinks increases the chances of stroke.
There are over 24 million people with dementia and its incidence is on the rise. Prevention through lifestyle changes is the sensible way to a dementia-free life.
Depression is a serious medical concern that adversely affects one's behavior, attitude and sentiments. Recent researches reveal that Deep Brain Stimulation can be used to treat depression.
Difficulty with swallowing or dysphagia is a problem, which if left untreated, could cause malnutrition and seriously affect the patient. Treatment of dysphagia depends on the underlying cause.
The different types of dizziness can be differentiated based on clinical symptoms and tests conducted on the patients.
Photosensitive Epilepsy is a condition where seizures are triggered by flickering lights on television or computer screens or video games. Dr. Prithika Chary, Neurologist and Neurosurgeon answers why.
Donepezil, which is currently used in mild-to-moderate cases of Alzheimer’s disease, may be useful in severe cases as well, according to a recent study.
Pharmacologic agents, complementary therapies as well as new therapies for prevention of menstrually associated migraines have been included in revised guidelines.
Dyslexia is a reading disability that occurs when the brain does not properly recognize and process certain symbols.
‘Dystonia’ is a medical term for a neuro- muscular condition. It is more aptly described as a movement disorder.
Pain in the ear is either due to a condition that affects the ear, or is referred from the surrounding areas. Common causes of ear pain include infection, trauma or inflammation of the ear.
A new study shows that eating fish provides omega-3 fatty acids, which could in turn, boost working memory in young adults.
The more something impacts us, the more likely we are to remember and recollect it later on.
Cerebral Palsy is a medical condition that arises due to a permanent injury to the brain. This injury normally occurs when the woman is expecting, during the course of delivery, or soon after birth.
Encyclopedia section of medindia gives meaning to some of the words, for Fits/Epilepsy/Seizures, in the glossary
Regular exercise can keep neuro-degenerative Alzheimer’s disease in check by replacing toxic molecule with beneficial molecule
Sequel to the interview on Expert Explores the Theory of Reality Dr. David Wiebers, M.D. neurologist and neuroscientist, elaborates on the nature of consciousness and reality.
'Theory of Reality' by Dr. David Wiebers, M.D. neurologist and neuroscientist, provides scientific evidence that consciousness transcends beyond thoughts and physical self.
A new low-cost method, which can detect neurological disorders by monitoring eye movements, has been developed by researchers.
Fainting or syncope is characterized by transient loss of consciousness and a spontaneous recovery.
Evaluation of fetal expressions can serve as a key for predicting the healthy brain function of the fetus.
Diet can affect kidney function. It is therefore necessary to ensure that the foods we eat do not affect our kidney adversely.
Glutamate may be responsible for insomnia in patients with restless leg syndrome. Therefore, drugs reducing glutamate in the brain could be an answer to this insomnia.
The grand Sports Carnival for people with Down syndrome was a happy experience and also raised community awareness with a seminar for caretakers and had free eye check up camp.
Hand tremors are unintentional rhythmic movements of the hand that occur either at rest or with motion.
Head injury is a leading cause of disability among children and young adults that leads to varying degrees of physical and mental stability. Fortunately, it is also one of the preventable brain disord
A headache could vary in features according to the cause.
Stroke is a "brain attack", which occurs when the blood supply to the brain is interrupted. It affects all age groups; according to the WHO, 15 million people are affected by stroke annually.
Nerves are like the 'telephone wiring' system in human body carrying messages from brain to the other parts of the body. Any injury to nerve results in impaired transmission of reflex messages.
Lie Detector or Polygraph is a test carried out as part of criminal investigation. It detects lies by monitoring the physiological changes in the body when subjected to stress.
Joint pain is a common problem that affects individuals of all ages. A diagnosis of the underlying cause of joint pain is y possible based on the symptoms of the patient, along with certain specific tests.
Lasmiditan is a new drug in the pipeline for the treatment of migraine.
Migraine patients could possibly predict attacks using weather forecasts. According to scientists, lightning may stimulate headaches.
The Parkinson's disease occurs when certain nerve cells in the brain, called the substantia nigra, die or become impaired.
Masitinib has proved to be highly beneficial in treating mild to moderate Alzheimer’s disease. The prognosis was found to be better with masitinib as compared to placebo administration.
Higher fitness levels in midlife, which is associated with increased mental sharpness and agility, could lead to a lower risk for dementia in later life.
Researchers found that MRI scan can be used to estimate a person’s age with a maximum error of one year.
Multiple sclerosis can be a severely disabling autoimmune disease that affects the myelin or insulating layer of the nerve fibers and typically has remissions and relapses
In a recent study, researchers analyzed the prevalence of celiac disease in Multiple sclerosis (MS) patients and their first-degree relatives.
Multiple sclerosis is treated with drugs that modify the course of the disease, suppress immunity and relieve symptoms.
Muscle cramps occur commonly and result in temporary pain in the muscles. They are often due to overuse of muscles or dehydration.
Myasthenia gravis is the commonest disorder of neuromuscular transmission. Autoimmune myasthenia gravis needs to be distinguished from congenital myasthenic syndromes.
Low folate levels during pregnancy increase risk of the condition. It is a birth disorder and a severe form of spina bifida where the backbone and spinal canal do not close before birth.
Nausea and vomiting is a common problem that could arise due to conditions affecting the digestive tract or other systems of the body.
Trigeminal Neuralgia or tic douloureux is one of the most painful nervous system disorders that affect the face
CYSTICERCOSIS of Brain or Neurocysticercosis is the most common cause of seizures or epilepsy in an adult and the most common parasitic infection of the brain.
Numbness and tingling are common symptoms, which could be due to a problem in nerves, blood supply or other systemic diseases.
Light controlled neurons by genetically encoded molecules called opsins is what optogenetics is about. A new science that could revolutionize diagnosis and treatment.
Encyclopedia section of medindia gives general information about Parkinson's Disease
Eating peppers at least twice a week could reduce the risk of Parkinson’s disease, according to a recent study.
A phantom limb is a complex phenomenon involving a sensation that an amputated or a missing limb, or an organ, is still attached to the body.
People who have lifestyle issues may be at risk for brain shrinkage and mental decline.
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a condition where blood clots develop usually in the deep veins of the legs. Pulmonary embolism (PE) occurs when these clots break away and block the pulmonary artery.
According to scientists, spending adolescent years in stroke vulnerable belt increased the risk of getting stroke in adulthood.
Reye's syndrome is a medical emergency chiefly affecting children and teenagers and is marked by the rapid development of life-threatening neurological symptoms.
Alzheimer’s disease is the common cause of dementia. Pinocembrin appears to be a promising drug candidate in the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease.
Schizophrenia is a mental disorder characterized by symptoms of thought, behavior and social problems.
Dr. R.Thara, Director of SCARF (Schizophrenia Research Foundation) interview on the challenge of diagnosing, treating and rehabilitating people with schizophrenia.
Patients with secondary progressive multiple sclerosis may benefit from stem cell treatment.
Stroke is a condition where an artery supplying blood to the brain tissues is ruptured causing the formation of blood clot in the brain and interfering with the supply of blood and oxygen to the brain
Brain has its own rhythm analogous to body rhythm or circadian rhythm. If your brain rhythm is in sync with the circadian rhythm you can be healthier, happier and feel more energetic.
Prevalence of tinnitus in a large group of elderly patients with CHF and to define the relationship between the occurrence of tinnitus and the severity and prognosis of CHF.
Tourette syndrome (TS) is a neurological disorder wherein the affected person makes repetitive and stereotyped involuntary movements, or noises, called ‘tics’.
Endovascular treatment may not be superior to intravenous treatment for stroke.
An inadvertent increase in bodyweight indicates weight gain. Necessary care like intake of a balanced diet and adequate physical activity is required to maintain good health and fitness.
Researchers suggest that the unquiet mind, ruminating in bipolar disorder suffers from executive dysfunction.
Vertigo is a feeling of spinning or falling down when there are no actual body movements.
A study will be conducted to assess the effect of two herbal preparations, Bacopa and Pycnogenol in the elderly.
World Alzheimer’s Day on September 21st, 2008, embodying the theme ‘No time to lose’ recognizes the role of caregivers as the backbone of care, support and management of Alzheimer’s disease.
September 21st, 2007 is celebrated worldwide as World Alzheimer’s Day. The theme for this year is ‘No Time to Lose’.
World Alzheimer's Day falls on September 21st, 2009, embodying the theme, 'Diagnosing Dementia: See It Sooner'.
The entire world’s a stage, and we are mere actors, echoed The Bard, eons ago. As the curtains go down slowly for those in the grips of this crippling disease, today on World Alzheimer’s day,
World Multiple Sclerosis Day (WMSD) is celebrated each year to bring awareness regarding multiple sclerosis, and the 2 million people suffering from the disease world-wide.
The theme of World Multiple Sclerosis Day 2011, ‘Work and MS’ seeks to highlight the challenges faced by MS victims at the workplace and raise MS awareness among employers and the general public.
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