An early detection facilitates successful management of the cancer.
There are three types of standard treatment modality: Surgery, Radiation, and Chemotherapy.Surgery
Here the cancer is removed in an operation. It is a common treatment for all the stages of a paranasal sinus cancer. A doctor removes the cancer and if required some of the nearby healthy tissues and bone are also taken out. If the cancer has spread, lymph nodes (rounded masses of tissues located along the lymph vessels) and other kinds of tissues in the neck may also be removed.
Even if all the cancer that can be seen at the time of the surgery are removed by the doctor, some patients may require further treatment in the form of chemotherapy or radiation therapy to kill any cancer cells that are left, this is called adjuvant therapy.Radiation
Radiation therapy is a cancer treatment where high-energy x-rays or other types of radiation
are used to kill cancer cells or prevent them from growing. There are two types of radiation therapy.
In External radiation therapy
, a machine outside the body is used to send radiation toward the cancer. The total dose of radiation therapy is sometimes divided into several smaller, equal doses which are delivered over a period of time spanning over several days. In Internal radiation therapy, a radioactive substance
is placed directly into or near the cancer. The type of radiation therapy used depends on the type and stage of the cancer being treated.Chemotherapy
Here drugs are used to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by preventing them from dividing. When chemotherapy is taken by mouth or injected into a vein or muscle, the drugs enter the bloodstream and can reach cancer cells throughout the body, this is called systemic chemotherapy. In regional chemotherapy drugs are placed directly into an organ, or a body cavity. A combination of anti cancer drugs may be used.